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Table 1 Baseline characteristics stratified by serum 25(OH)D

From: Serum vitamin D levels, diabetes and cardio-metabolic risk factors in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians

  25(OH)D <50 nmol/L 25(OH)D ≥50 nmol/L p value*
n 186 406 -
Age (years) 46 (12) 45 (15) 0.35
Aboriginal (%) 168 (90%) 255 (63%)  
Torres Strait Islander (%) 18 (10%) 151 (37%) <0.001
Male (%) 71 (38%) 150 (37%) 0.78
Current smoker (%) 77 (42%) 169 (42%) 0.97
Diabetes (%) 100 (54%) 148 (36%) <0.001
Past History CVD (%) 28 (16%) 34 (9%) 0.014
BMI (kg/m2) 30.5 (7.1) 29.5 (7.3) 0.15
Waist Hip ratio 0.97 (0.09) 0.92 (0.09) <0.001
Systolic BP (mmHg) 122 (19) 115 (16) <0.001
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 77 (11) 73 (10) <0.001
25(OH)D (nmol/L) 37 (9) 74 (20) <0.001
HbA1c (%, mmol/mol) 6.3 (5.9-7.8) 45 (40–62) 5.9 (5.5-6.7) 41 (37–50) <0.001
HDL chol (mmol/L) 1.0 (0.8-1.2) 1.1 (0.9-1.3) 0.29
Total chol: HDL chol 4.5 (3.6-5.8) 4.4 (3.6-5.7) 0.21
Troponin (μg/L) 3.0 (3.0-5.2) 3.0 (3.0-5.7) 0.10
mGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) 104 (76–123) 102 (84–119) 0.50
mGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 (%) 39 (21%) 63 (16%) 0.10
Urine ACR (mg/mmol) 2.7 (0.9-81) 1.5 (0.7-10) <0.001
  1. Data presented as mean (standard deviation), median (interquartile range) or number (%).
  2. n may vary due to missing data (see methods).
  3. *Pearson chi-square test or independent sample t-test.
  4. p values <0.05 are represented in bold font.