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Table 1 Clinical characteristics at baseline of study participants

From: Effect of glycemic variability on short term prognosis in acute myocardial infarction subjects undergoing primary percutaneous coronary interventions

  All DM Non-DM P-value
Subject number 237 73 164 NA
Age (years) 54 ± 16 55 ± 17 52 ± 15 0.174
Males 165 (70) 50 (68) 115 (70) 0.801
BMI, kg/m2 25.2 ± 4.6 25.3 ± 4.5 24.8 ± 4.2 0.409
LVEF, % 53.9 ± 7.3 53.5 ± 7.1 54.2 ± 7.4 0.497
Systolic BP (mm Hg) 120 ± 21 123 ± 25 118 ± 23 0.134
Diastolic BP (mm Hg) 70 ± 9 69 ± 10 71 ± 12 0.215
Serum creatinine, mg/dL 0.80 ± 0.22 0.82 ± 0.21 0.78 ± 0.19 0.149
Total Cholesterol (mmol/l) 4.64 ± 1.05 4.56 ± 1.01 4.69 ± 1.09 0.387
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 2.23 ± 1.28 2.36 ± 1.65 1.97 ± 1.03 0.036
LDL-C (mmol/l) 2.87 ± 1.10 2.82 ± 1.13 2.91 ± 1.18 0.584
HDL-C (mmol/l) 0.98 ± 0.31 0.95 ± 0.22 1.01 ± 0.35 0.178
HbA1c (%) 6.5 ± 1.3 7.1 ± 1.2 6.1 ± 1.0 <0.001
Glycated albumin (%) 17.8 ± 7.6 21.2 ± 6.7 12.9 ± 4.5 <0.001
Peak cTNI (ng/ml) 37.3 ± 10.7 40.5 ± 11.4 36.2 ± 12.5 0.013
Peak CK-MB (ng/ml) 37.8 ± 15.6 39.4 ± 17.5 36.2 ± 16.4 0.176
FBG (mmol/l) 7.3 ± 2.8 8.8 ± 2.4 6.1 ± 1.7 <0.001
Management of DM (%)     
OHA   25 (34.2)   
Insulin only   31 (42.5)   
Insulin + OHA (s)   17 (23.3)   
Risk factors (n, %)     
Hyperlipidemia 93 (39) 32 (43.8) 61 (37.2) 0.334
Hypertension 95 (40) 30 (41.1) 65 (39.6) 0.832
Current smoking 106 (45) 30 (41.1) 76 (46.3) 0.453
Family history 29 (12) 8 (11) 21 (13) 0.689
Obesity 55 (23) 20 (27) 35 (21) 0.308
CGMS parameters on the first day     
MBG (mmol/l) 8.1 ± 2.6 10.6 ± 2.3 6.7 ± 1.1 <0.001
MAGE (mmol/l) 3.6 ± 2.0 3.9 ± 1.1 2.8 ± 1.6 <0.001
SDBG (mmol/l) 1.7 ± 1.0 2.5 ± 1.3 1.3 ± 0.7 <0.001
Angiographic data (n, %)     
Single vessel 92 (39) 21 (29) 71 (43.3) 0.034
Double vessels 77 (32) 27 (37) 50 (30.5) 0.324
Triple vessels 68 (29) 25 (34) 43 (26.2) 0.207
Main stem involved 32 (14) 12 (16) 20 (12) 0.378
Multivessel 145 (61) 52 (71) 93 (57) 0.034
  1. Data given as mean ± SD or n (%).
  2. BMI, body mass index; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction; LDL-C, Low density lipoprotein-cholesterol; HDL-C, High density lipoprotein-cholesterol; HbA1c, hemoglobin A1c; CK-MB, creatine kinase-MB; cTnI, cardiac troponin I; FBG, fasting blood glucose; OHA, oral hypoglycaemic agent; MBG, Mean blood glucose; MAGE, the mean amplitude of glycemic excursions; SDBG, the standard deviation of blood glucose values.