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Table 3 Anthropometric and biochemical data and walked distance in the 6-min walk test in the study subjects, grouped according to the physical activity program

From: A standard ballroom and Latin dance program to improve fitness and adherence to physical activity in individuals with type 2 diabetes and in obesity

Clinical variables Dance program Self-selected program ANOVA
  Baseline (n = 42) 3 months (n = 41) 6 months (n = 41) Baseline (n = 58) 3 months (n = 54) 6 months (n = 52) P value
Height (cm) 163 ± 9 - - - - - - 166 ± 9 - - - - - - - - -
Weight (kg) 86.8 ± 17.6 83.4 ± 16.3° 82.9 ± 16.5° 97.3 ± 15.6* 95.0 ± 15.3°* 94.8 ± 15.6°* 0.884
Body mass index (kg/m2) 32.7 ± 6.3 31.2 ± 5.1° 31.0 ± 5.1° 35.4 ± 5.8* 34.6 ± 5.4°* 34.5 ± 5.3°* 0.874
Waist circumference (cm) 103 ± 12 99 ± 12° 99 ± 11° 109 ± 10* 107 ± 11°* 107 ± 12°* 0.625
Systolic pressure (mmHg) 131 ± 19 124 ± 15 128 ± 19 128 ± 17 128 ± 17 133 ± 18 0.294
Diastolic pressure (mmHg) 73 ± 3 73 ± 8 73 ± 6 77 ± 9 76 ± 10 76 ± 11 0.705
Glycosylated hemoglobin (%)^ 7.46 ± 0.49 7.25 ± 0.73 7.10 ± 0.58 7.46 ± 0.59 7.14 ± 0.77 7.48 ± 0.79 0.011
Fasting glucose (mg/dL) 121 ± 30 115 ± 25° 114 ± 29° 123 ± 31 117 ± 27° 118 ± 29° 0.567
Fasting insulin (μU/mL) 14.2 ± 6.0 12.4 ± 4.8 10.3 ± 2.8 18.5 ± 28.5 17.5 ± 8.1* 17.9 ± 9.4* 0.084
HOMA 3.21 ± 1.81 2.58 ± 1.00 2.11 ± 0.63 4.41 ± 2.33 4.14 ± 2.10* 4.21 ± 2.44* 0.171
Aspartate aminotransferase (U/L) 27.9 ± 11.1 24.9 ± 7.5° 26.8 ± 11.5° 30.8 ± 13.4 27.2 ± 9.6° 28.8 ± 12.7° 0.703
Alanine aminotranferase (U/L) 32.3 ± 11.7 28.4 ± 10.9° 30.8 ± 9.5° 41.7 ± 19.5* 37.5 ± 17.4°* 38.6 ± 18.9°* 0.816
Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.78 ± 0.12 0.77 ± 0.12 0.78 ± 0.11 0.82 ± 0.17 0.82 ± 0.17 0.83 ± 0.16 0.525
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 192 ± 41 183 ± 35 190 ± 37 198 ± 43 186 ± 44 189 ± 31 0.791
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 56.4 ± 15.1 55.5 ± 13.9 58.3 ± 16.4 50.8 ± 13.5 49.7 ± 11.0* 50.9 ± 11.3* 0.275
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 112 ± 35 103 ± 30° 110 ± 33 112 ± 38 106 ± 43 115 ± 29 0.940
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 120 ± 71 119 ± 74 108 ± 57 173 ± 109* 149 ± 80 135 ± 52°* 0.275
6-min walk test (m) 415 ± 90 479 ± 56° 499 ± 61° 436 ± 70 460 ± 68° 460 ± 91* 0.015
  1. ^Data are limited to the cohort of subjects with diabetes (Dance program, N = 17; Self-selected program, N = 30).
  2. °Significantly different from the corresponding baseline value in the same group.
  3. *Significantly different from the corresponding value in the dance program.