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Table 1 Comparison of anthropometric, biochemical variables and age between individuals with and without MS

From: Measurement of the levels of leptin, BDNF associated with polymorphisms LEP G2548A, LEPR Gln223Arg and BDNF Val66Met in Thai with metabolic syndrome

Variables Control (n = 162) MS (n = 160) p-value
  Median (range) Median (range)  
Age (years) 46.0 (24.0-64.0) 48.0 (28.0-63.0) 0.241
Leptin (ng/mL) 6.2 (2.2-32.3) 11.4 (2.9-36.8) <0.001**
BDNF (ng/mL) 11.7 (2.8-29.2) 11.5 (2.7-27.8) 0.946
Glucose (mg/dL) 84.0 (66.0-113.0) 95.5 (70.0-134.0) <0.001**
Insulin (μU/mL) 11.7 (4.5-30.7) 15.8 (5.6-37.3) <0.001**
TG (mg/dL) 84.0 (58.0-270.0) 169.0 (63.0-302.0) <0.001**
HDL-C (mg/dL) 50.0 (28.0-77.0) 40.0 (27.0-71.0) <0.001**
Systolic BP (mmHg) 120.0 (95.0-160.0) 130.0 (100.0-170.0) <0.001**
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 74.0 (60.0-95.0) 80.0 (64.0-100.0) <0.001**
BMI (kg/m2) 22.8 (18.9-35.5) 26.5 (19.5-37.9) <0.001**
Waist/Hip ratio 0.82 (0.69-0.97) 0.88 (0.72-0.99) <0.001**
WC (cm) 77.0 (61.5-101.3) 91.0 (66.5-106.0) <0.001**
AC (cm) 27.5 (21.8-34.0) 30.2 (22.9-38.5) <0.001**
TSF (mm) 17.9 (6.5-37.5) 26.0 (8.5-40.9) <0.001**
  1. Abbreviation: BDNF Brain-derived neurotrophic factor, TG triglyceride, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
  2. BMI Body mass index, WC waist circumference, AC arm circumference, TSF triceps skin-fold thickness.
  3. Significant level;** = p < 0.01 by Mann-Whitney U / Wilcoxon Rank Sum W test (2-tailed).