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Table 4 Variables stratified by sex and metabolic syndrome status

From: Evaluation of the relationship between circulating omentin-1 concentrations and components of the metabolic syndrome in adults without type 2 diabetes or cardiovascular disease

  All Women (n = 47) All Men (n = 46) a P value Women with metabolic syndrome (n = 32) Women without metabolic syndrome (n = 15) b P value Men with metabolic syndrome (n = 33) Men without metabolic syndrome (n = 13) c P value
Omentin-1 (ng/mL) 152.6 ± 70.7 145.8 ± 75.2 0.55 162.0 ± 71.2 132.4 ± 67.6 0.19 129.9 ± 66.0 186.3 ± 84.4 0.03
Age (years) 47 ± 8 48 ± 8 0.67 48 ± 8 45 ± 8 0.28 50 ± 8 44 ± 9 0.04
Current smokers 11 (23.4%) 13 (28.2%) 0.59 7 (21.8%) 4 (26.7%) 0.73 9 (27.3%) 4 (30.8%) 1.00
BMI (kg/m2) 32.4 ± 4.6 30.1 ± 4.5 0.02 33.1 ± 4.2 31.0 ± 5.4 0.16 31.2 ± 3.7 27.2 ± 5.3 0.005
Weight (kg) 89.0 ± 15.4 94.2 ± 15.6 0.10 92.2 ± 15.4 82.4 ± 13.5 0.03 95.4 ± 11.2 91.1 ± 23.9 0.36
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 128 ± 16 130 ± 13 0.48 132 ± 16 119 ± 13 0.01 132 ± 13 124 ± 11 0.040
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 81 ± 13 85 ± 11 0.10 83 ± 12 75 ± 14 0.04 87 ± 10 79 ± 11 0.03
Waist circumference (cm) 104.3 ± 11.1 107.7 ± 12.4 0.16 106.8 ± 10 98.9 ±11.6 0.02 110.4 ± 8.7 101.0 ± 17.4 0.08
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dL) 93 ± 9 93 ± 10 0.89 95 ± 9 89 ± 7 0.03 95 ± 10 88 ± 8 0.02
Impaired fasting glucose 13 (27.7%) 15 (32.6%) 0.60 12 (37.5%) 1 (6.7%) 0.04 14 (42.4%) 1 (7.7%) 0.04
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 184 ± 34 190 ± 36 0.43 185 ± 39 181 ± 22 0.71 190 ± 36 189 ± 39 0.94
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 107 ± 27 113 ± 30 0.33 108 ± 28 104 ± 23 0.61 110 ± 32 119 ± 26 0.39
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 47 ± 13 40 ± 8 <0.001 44 ± 10 55 ± 14 0.002 38 ± 8 44 ± 7 0.01
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 146 ± 79 186 ± 84 0.02 163 ± 80 109 ± 64 0.01 209 ± 75 128 ± 79 <0.001
White blood cell count (x 109/L) 6.8 ± 2.3 6.2 ± 1.6 0.34 6.7 ± 2.3 7.0 ± 2.5 0.63 6.2 ± 1.2 6.4 ± 2.3 0.89
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation or number (%). aP values for comparisons of all women versus all men. bP values for comparisons of women with metabolic syndrome versus women without metabolic syndrome. cP values for comparisons of men with metabolic syndrome versus men without metabolic syndrome. Plasma omentin-1 concentrations, expressed as median (interquartile range), were 133.1 ng/ml (102.2 to 212.3 ng/ml) in all women, 138.2 ng/ml (90.5 to 181.1 ng/ml) in all men, 154.0 ng/ml (109.0 to 217.9 ng/ml) in women with the metabolic syndrome, 119.7 ng/ml (89.4 to 155.4 ng/ml) in women without the metabolic syndrome, 118.9 ng/ml (77.7 to 173.1 ng/ml) in men with the metabolic syndrome, and 177.3 ng/ml (132.0 to 229.2 ng/ml) in men without the metabolic syndrome.