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Table 5 Correlations of AIx with clinical variables and cardiovascular risk factors in relation to TOAST stroke subtype

From: Immune-inflammatory markers and arterial stiffness indexes in subjects with acute ischemic stroke with and without metabolic syndrome

  Lacunar   LAAS   CEI  
Variable Augmentation Index (AIx) P Augmentation Index (AIx) P Augmentation Index (AIx) P
With metabolic syndrome (n: 45) Without metabolic syndrome (n: 37) 0 With metabolic syndrome (n: 45) Without metabolic syndrome (n: 37)   With metabolic syndrome (n:32) Without metabolic syndrome (n:35)  
CRP 0.24 0.26 0.73 0.27 0.26 0.81 0.20 0.21 0.73
IL-1-β 0.21 0.22 0.60 0.24 0.25 0.66 0.20 0.22 0.56
IL-6 0.31 0.25 0.026 0.34 0.226 0.011 0.33 0.23 0.022
TNF-α 0.33 0.27 0.022 0.32 0.26 0.033 0.32 0.26 0.033
E-selectin 0.20 0.27 0.56 0.19 0.21 0.56 0.19 0.21 0.56
P-selectin 0.19 0.15 0.33 0.18 0.16 0.44 0.18 0.16 0.44
VICAM-1 0.21 0.22 0.66 0.22 0.21 0.66 0.20 0.22 0.66
ICAM-1 0.22 0.24 0.63 0.20 0.24 0.63 0.22 0.24 0.63
IL-10 0.22 0. 23 0.56 0.22 0. 23 0.56 0.22 0. 23 0.56
vWF 0.36 0.30 0.020 0.33 0.27 0.029 0.36 0.32 0.018
PAI-1 0.19 0.14 0.64 0.16 0.14 0.77 0.18 0.15 0.77
TPA 0.22 0.25 0.77 0.20 0.21 0.69 0.20 0.21 0.69
          <0.05
          0.033
  1. Coefficients (r) and p-values are calculated by the Pearson correlation mode.
  2. SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; MAP: mean arterial pressure; AIx: augmentation index; PWV: pulse wave velocity; SSS: Scandinavian Stroke Scale score; NIHSS: National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale ; Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs); CAD: coronary artery disease; CHF: congestive heart failure; LVH: left ventricular hypertrophy; WMHLS: white matter hypertension lesions. Demographic and history data are expressed as n° (percentage). Significant R and p are in bold.