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Table 3 Crude and adjusted linear regression coefficients (95% confidence interval) for the associations of dietary variables with markers of inflammation, oxidative stress and insulin resistance

From: Association of fruits and vegetables consumption and related-vitamins with inflammatory and oxidative stress markers in prediabetic individuals

  CRP Adiponectin HOMA-IR SOD oxLDL
Fruits & vegetables - 0.050 0.106 - 0.021 0.202 - 0.373
(-0.535 – 0.304) (-0.138 – 1.287) (-4.848 – 5.991) (0.120 – 0.734) (-1.526– -0.180)
  Model 1 - 0.070 0.018 0.007 0.187 -0.471
(-0.558 – 0.319) (-0.522 – 0,959) (-3.609 – 7.749) (0.100 – 0.715) (-2.966 – -0.110)
  Model 2 -0.071 - 0.010 0.032 0.172 -0.330
(-0.552 – 0.288) (-0.624 – 0.775) (-3.119 – 7.586) (0.110 – 0.688) (-3,608 – 0.007)
Pro-vitamin A carotenoids 0.033 0.174 0.017 0.093 0.155
(-0.283 – 0.456) (0.041 – 0.349) (-0.140 – 0.180) (-0.109 – 0.490) (-0.410 – 0,186)
  Model 1 - 0.023 0.060 0.011 0.055 0.092
(-0.445 – 0.321) (-0.091 – 0.235) (-0.155 – 0.182) (-0.187 – 0.399) (-0.390 – 0.227)
  Model 2 - 0.027 0.077 0.009 0.084 -0.067
(-0.442 – 0.296) (-0.071 – 0.245) (-0.154 – 0175) (-0.133 – 0.435) (-0.275 – 0.312)
Vitamin E -0.004 0.085 -0.036 0.086 -0.367
(-0.181 – 0.172) (-0.028 – 0.120) (-0.096 – 0.057) (-0.059 – 0.228) (-0.051 – 1.190)
  Model 1 -0.055 0.009 -0.049 0.079 -0.443
(-0.261 – 0.120) (-0.076 – 0.087) (-0.115 – 0.052) (-0.067 – 0.225) (-1,243 – -0.191)
  Model 2 -0.063 -0.025 -0.014 0.088 -0.354
(-0.261 – 0.101) (-0.092 – 0.064) (-0.089 – 0.073) (-0.060 – 0.220) (-1.131– -0.110)
Vitamin C -0.011 0.097 -0.002 0.159 -0.319
(-0.644 – 0.553) (-0.076 – 0.428) (-0.262 – 0.257) (0.049 – 1.013) (-2.334 – 0.986)
  Model 1 -0.043 -0.013 0.017 0.141 -0.433
(-0.815 – 0.446) (-0.296 – 0.242) (-0.242 – 0.312) (-0.024 – 0.937) (-2.833 – -0.273)
  Model 2 -0.043 -0.030 0.031 0.137 -0.333
  (-0.804 – 0.432) (-0.325 – 0.206) (-0.211 – 0.339) (-0.049 – 0.900) (-2.568 – -0.218)
  1. Continuous variables used for analysis.
  2. CRP, C-reactive protein; SOD, superoxide dismutase; oxLDL, oxidized LDL.
  3. Model 1 - adjusted for age, gender and BMI.
  4. Model 2 – adjusted for age, gender, BMI, saturated fatty acids intake (per 1000 kcal), smoking and physical activity.