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Table 3 Summary values for characteristics of groups and the overall series

From: Diabetes mellitus and intermittent claudication: a cross-sectional study of 920 claudicants

Characteristic Diabetic (n = 477) Non-diabetic (n = 443) Total (n = 920) p*
SBP (mm Hg) 144.0 (17.8) 142.8 (17.5) 143.4 (17.7) 0.540
DBP (mm Hg) 81.6 (10.5) 81.5 (10.6) 81.5 (10.6) 0.647
Analytical (mg/dl)     
Glycaemia 155.2 (45.2) 101.2 (21.6) 130.1 (45.1) < 0.001
Cholesterol 207.3 (49.2) 209.8 (44.8) 208.4 (47.1) 0.244
HDL 51.7 (28.8) 52.1 (26.6) 51.9 (27.8) 0.078
LDL 125.9 (40.2) 130.8 (39.1) 128.2 (39.7) 0.118
Triglycerides 161.6 (75.4) 155.7 (79.7) 158.9 (77.4) 0.102
ABI     
Overall 0.62 (0.21) 0.64 (0.15) 0.63 (0.19) 0.016
Categories (n,%)     
> 1.30 29 (6.1) 26 (5.9) 55 (6.0) 0.033
0.90-0.50 343 (71.9) 352 (79.4) 695 (75.5)  
< 0.50 105 (22.0) 65 (14.7) 170 (18.5)  
WIQ     
Pain (mean%) 44.29 (20.05) 50.17 (20.35) 47.12 (20.40) < 0.001
Walking distance 1395.60 (1136.22) 1811.26 (1337.63) 1595.75 (1253.96) < 0.001
Distance (mean%) 29.79 (24.26) 38.67 (28.56) 34.07 (26.77) < 0.001
Walking speed 14.54 (9.65) 18.19 (11.21) 16.30 (10.59) < 0.001
Speed (mean%) 31.62 (20.99) 39.54 (24.38) 35.43 (23.00) < 0.001
Stair-climbing 106.11 (76.48) 131.92 (86.01) 118.54 (82.19) < 0.001
Stair-climbing (mean%) 36.84 (26.56) 45.81 (29.86) 41.16 (28.54) < 0.001
EQ-5D     
Global score 0.54 (0.22) 0.62 (0.19) 0.58 (0.21) < 0.001
VAS score (mean%) 53.31 (20.54) 56.92 (21.97) 55.04 (21.30) 0.003
  1. 0-1 or 0-100% (worst – best quality of life).
  2. SBP = Systolic blood pressure.
  3. DBP = Diastolic blood pressure.
  4. HDL = High-density lipoprotein: LDL = Low-density lipoprotein.
  5. ABI = Ankle-brachial index; WIQ = Walking Impairment Questionnaire; EQ-5D = EuroQol.
  6. *Diabetic group vs non-diabetic group.
  7. Values are the mean (and standard deviation), except where indicated as being frequency and percentage.