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Table 2 Characteristics of the groups and overall series

From: Diabetes mellitus and intermittent claudication: a cross-sectional study of 920 claudicants

Characteristic Diabetic (n = 477) Non-diabetic (n = 443) Total (n = 920) p*
Male (n, %) 355 (74.4) 362 (81.7) 717 (77.9) 0.006
Year (mean, SD) 69.8 (9.3) 66.4 (10.0) 68.2 (9.8) < 0.001
BMI (mean, SD) 28.2 (3.7) 26.9 (3.4) 27.6 (3.6) < 0.001
Sedentarism (n, %) 317 (66.5) 211 (47.6) 528 (57.4) < 0.001
Ex-smoker (n, %) 178 (37.3) 171 (38.6) 349 (37.9) 0.085
Cardiovascular (CV) risk factor (n, %)     
Smoker 168 (35.2) 189 (42.7) 357 (38.8) < 0.001
Diabetic mellitus 477 (100) 0 (0) 477 (100) < 0.001
Hypertension 385 (80.7) 313 (70.7) 698 (75.9) < 0.001
Dyslipidaemia 311 (65.2) 280 (63.2) 591 (64.2) 0.528
Number of CV risk factors     
None 0 (0.0) 23 (5.2) 23 (2.5) < 0.001
One 29 (6.1) 130 (29.3) 159 (17.3)  
Two 125 (26.2) 218 (49.2) 343 (37.3)  
Three 230 (48.2) 72 (16.3) 302 (32.8)  
All (four) 93 (19.5) 0 (0.0) 93 (10.1)  
CV disease-associated conditions (n, %)     
Cardiac failure 50 (10.5) 36 (8.1) 86 (9.3) 0.220
Ischaemic cardiopathy 160 (33.5) 118 (26.6) 278 (30.2) 0.023
Arrythmias 54 (11.3) 31 (7.0) 85 (9.2) 0.024
Valvulopathy 22 (4.6) 11 (2.5) 33 (3.6) 0.083
Chronic renal failure 53 (11.1) 24 (5.4) 77 (8.4) 0.002
Prior CV diseases (n, %)     
Myocardial infarction 62 (14.0) 67 (14.0) 129 (14.0) 0.982
Angina pectoris 38 (8.6) 48 (10.1) 86 (9.3) 0.439
Stroke 4 (0.9) 19 (4.0) 23 (2.5) 0.003
Osteoarticular diseases (n, %)     
Arthrosis 263 (55.1) 158 (35.7) 421 (45.8) < 0.001
Arthritis 21 (4.4) 21 (4.7) 42 (4.6) 0.806
Vertebral disc prolapse 45 (9.4) 36 (8.1) 81 (8.8) 0.484
Lumbar pathology 83 (17.4) 69 (15.6) 152 (16.5) 0.456
Major trauma 5 (1.0) 4 (0.9) 9 (1.0) 1.000
Family history of     
CV disease (n, %) 295 (61.8) 246 (55.5) 541 (58.8) 0.095
  1. BMI = Body mass index.
  2. *Diabetic group vs non-diabetic group.