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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population and biomarker levels

From: Comparison of salivary and plasma adiponectin and leptin in patients with metabolic syndrome

  Healthy subjects (n = 46) Patients with metabolic syndrome (n = 82) p-value
  Total Male Female Total Male Female
Gender 46 13 33 82 40 42 .024
Age (years) 44.50 52.00 44.00 48.00 49.00 48.00 .013
(38.75-53.00) (41.50-58.50) (38.00-49.00) (43.75-58.00) (44.00-58.75) (42.75-55.75)
Body mass index (kg/m2) 21.82 22.00 21.81 27.26 26.97# 27.28# <.001
(20.22-22.89) (20.97-23.55) (19.42-22.81) (24.56-29.53) (24.68-29.20) (23.96-30.10)
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 73.00 72.00 73.00 181.50 205.50# 165.00# <.001
(57.75-89.00) (64.00-95.00) (56.50-86.50) (136.00-290.50) (141.50-304.00) (128.00-244.00)
High density lipoprotein cholesterol (mg/dL) - 60.00 65.00 - 44.50# 44.50# <.001
  (53.00-65.00) (60.00-75.50)   (35.25-51.75) (40.75-49.25)
Low density lipoprotein cholesterol (mg/dL) 105.50 115.00 100.00 159.50 154.50# 162.50# <.001
(91.25-117.25) (101.00-123.00) (88.50-116.50) (141.00-184.00) (140.25-188.00) (141.75-184.00)
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 182.00 191.00 178.00 233.00 232.00# 235.00# <.001
(169.75-193.25) (177.50-195.00) (165.50-191.50) (210.25-260.00) (212.25-259.75) (207.75-260.25)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 117.00 118.00 116.00 134.00 135.00# 133.00# <.001
(109.00-125.25) (109–126.50) (109.00-125.00) (119.75-141.25) (120.50-141.75) (117.75-141.25)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 73.00 78.00 72.00 85.50 88.00# 81.50# <.001
(68.75-79.25) (70.50-80.50) (67.50-78.00) (79.00-91.25) (82.25-95.00) (74.75-87.25)
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dL) 90.00 92.00 90.00 102.50 107.50# 100.00# <.001
(87.00-94.00) (89.00-94.00) (86.00-94.00) (96.00-119.25) (99.00-123.00) (92.75-108.00)
Waist circumference (cm) - 81.00 75.00 - 91.00# 90.50# <.001
  (73.50-82.00) (69.50-78.50)   (86.00-95.75) (86.75-94.50)
Plasma adiponectin (μg/ml) 32.24 20.21 33.38 14.01 13.69 14.21# <.001
(17.96-46.84) (9.842-41.33) (21.13-48.64) (8.09-14.010) (5.38-20.79) (9.66-28.07)
Salivary adiponectin (μg/ml) 2.92 3.46 1.93 2.78 3.51 1.88 .619
(7.91-6.23) (1.74-7.03) (5.62-4.38) (1.05-6.48) (1.49-9.09) (8.17-6.25)
Plasma leptin (ng/ml) 6.04 2.39 7.39 13.23 7.37# 21.70# <.001
(2.92-9.24) (1.17-3.58) (5.13-10.38) (6.50-22.13) (4.85-11.40) (14.77-28.59)
Salivary leptin (pg/ml) 33.80 38.51 31.21 34.88 43.17 29.59 .523
(14.66-102.80) (18.71-104.55) (11.71-103.89) (17.07-54.77) (14.57-59.88) (17.34-48.98)
  1. All data presented as median (25th-75th percentile).
  2. #Significant difference from healthy same gender (p < .001).
  3. Significant difference from healthy same gender.