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Table 2 Baseline characteristic of Control + VAD absent, Control + VAD, DM + VAD absent and Control + VAD patients

From: Visceral adiposity index score indicated the severity of coronary heart disease in Chinese adults

  Control + VAD absent (n = 35) Control + VAD (n = 22) DM + VAD absent (n =17) DM + VAD (n =21) P
Age (years) 59.71 ± 9.09 60.68 ± 9.30 63.47 ± 9.59 60.24 ± 7.32 0.546
Gender (M/F) 25/10 13/9 13/4 9/12 0.102
Body weight (kg) 64.26 ± 6.80 68.86 ± 6.01* 69.09 ± 7.19* 71.12 ± 8.44* 0.010
WC (cm) 89.71 ± 5.95 93.05 ± 7.33 94.29 ± 7.86* 99.52 ± 6.75*†# 0.000
Waist-Hip ratio 0.95 ± 0.04 0.95 ± 0.04 0.96 ± 0.05 0.99 ± 0.06* 0.024
BMI (kg/m2) 24.49 ± 2.96 25.09 ± 2.00 25.18 ± 1.65 26.89 ± 2.98*†# 0.011
SBP (mmHg) 130.2 ± 14.31 131.8 ± 19.43 141.6 ± 19.30* 142.4 ± 15.64* 0.020
DBP (mmHg) 73.51 ± 7.30 76.55 ± 8.70 72.47 ± 13.00 76.24 ± 11.15 0.439
Glucose (mmol/l) 4.87 ± 0.65 4.96 ± 0.64 7.19 ± 1.70* 7.47 ± 2.13* 0.000
TC (mmol/l) 4.36 ± 0.94 4.29 ± 0.95 4.46 ± 0.95 5.03 ± 1.21 0.067
TG (mmol/l) 1.27 ± 0.61 1.32 ± 0.71 1.17 ± 0.62 1.93 ± 0.19*†# 0.002
NEFA (mmol/l) 86.14 ± 50.51 86.00 ± 55.14 100.65 ± 60.90 128.3 ± 65.92* 0.044
HDL (mmol/l) 1.23 ± 0.25 1.11 ± 0.20 1.176 ± 0.28 1.01 ± 0.12*# 0.006
LDL (mmol/l) 2.78 ± 0.79 2.79 ± 0.76 2.58 ± 0.62 3.03 ± 0.91 0.359
Gensini 52.66 ± 39.27 80.68 ± 30.63* 93.76 ± 20.07* 117.1 ± 37.76*†# 0.001
Smoking 12 (0.34) 5 (0.23) 12 (0.71) 4 (0.19) 0.004
Hypertension 24 (0.69) 12 (0.55) 12 (0.71) 14 (0.67) 0.679
β-blocker 9 (0.26) 4 (0.18) 4 (0.24) 8 (0.38) 0.507
ACEI 6 (0.17) 1 (0.06) 5 (0.29) 0 (0.00) 0.025
ARB 5 (0.14) 1 (0.06) 1 (0.06) 3 (0.14) 0.559
Statin 9 (0.26) 2 (0.09) 2 (0.12) 5 (0.24) 0.344
Aspirin 18 (0.51) 8 (0.36) 10 (0.59) 8 (0.38) 0.410
  1. Data are mean ± SD or n (proportion).
  2. VAD: visceral adipose dysfunction; DM: diabetes mellitus; WC: Waist circumference; BMI: Body mass index; SBP: systolic blood pressures; DBP: diastolic blood pressures; TC: Total cholesterol; TG: triglyceride; NEFA: nonesterified fatty acid; HDL: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL: low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; ACEI: angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor; ARB: angiotensin receptor blocker. *P < 0.05 vs Control + VAD absent; P < 0.05 vs Control+ VAD; #P < 0.05 vs DM+ VAD absent.