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Table 3 Clinical and laboratory features of individuals classified according to HbA1c levels

From: Individuals with prediabetes identified by HbA1c undergoing coronary angiography have worse cardiometabolic profile than those identified by fasting glucose

  Classification according to HbA1c
  Normal (HbA1c < 5.7%) Prediabetes (HbA1c 5.7-6.4%) Diabetes (HbA1c ≥ 6.5%)
n (%) 168 279 67
Age (years) 57.4 (55.6-59.2) 59.8 (58.6-61.0) 61.5 (59.3-63.7)
Weight (kg) 73.4 (71.1-75.7) 71.7 (70.1-73.4) 74.6 (70.3-78.8)
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 26.1 (25.0-27.1) 26.0 (25.4-26.7) 27.6 (26.1-29.0)
Abdominal circumference (cm) 96.8 (94.9-98.6) 96.0 (94.4-97.6) 99.9 (96.5-103.3)
SBP (mmHg) 135.4 (131.8-139.0) 138.0 (135.2-140.7) 137.0 (130.7-143.3)
DBP (mmHg) 81.2 (79.0-83.5) 79.8 (77.9-81.6) 79.4 (75.3-83.5)
FPG (mg/dL) 97.0 (95.1-98.8) 100.6 (99.2-102.0)* 115.9 (110.3-121.4)**
HOMA2B 68.6 (63.1-74.0) 72.1 (67.6-76.7) 75.5 (62.7-88.2)
HOMA2-IR 0.82 (0.70-0.94) 0.99 (0.88-1.09) 1.43 (1.13-1.74)**
HbA1c (%) 5.31 (5.27-5.35) 5.99 (5.97-6.02)* 6.85 (6.72-6.98)**
HbA1c (mmol/mol) 34.4 (34.0-34.8) 41.8 (41.6-42.2)* 51.3 (49.9-52.7)**
LDL (mg/dL) 100.6 (95.5-105.8) 106.5 (102.0-111.0) 101.0 (90.4-111.5)
HDL (mg/dL) 40.9 (38.8-42.9) 41.5 (40.1-42.9) 40.3 (36.8-43.8)
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 138.8 (125.8-151.8) 136.9 (128.1-145.8) 148.8 (127.1-170.4)
  1. Values expressed in means (95% CI). *p < 0.05 vs. Normal; **p < 0.05 vs. Normal AND Prediabetes.