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Table 3 Impact of obesity and BMI on coronary atherosclerosis according to the diabetes status

From: Differential association between obesity and coronary artery disease according to the presence of diabetes in a Korean population

  Any plaque Obstructive plaque CACS >100
  Univariate Multivariate Univariate Multivariate Univariate Multivariate
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Non-diabetes             
  Obesity 1.36 1.22–1.52* 1.14 1.01–1.30 1.29 1.05–1.59 1.16 0.93–1.44 1.38 1.13–1.69 1.31 1.05–1.65
  BMI 1.08 1.06–1.10* 1.04 1.01–1.06 1.07 1.03–1.10* 1.04 0.99–1.08 1.07 1.04–1.11* 1.06 1.02–1.11
Diabetes             
  Obesity 1.14 0.88–1.49 1.26 0.93–1.70 1.12 0.81–1.56 1.19 0.84–1.70 0.92 0.66–1.23 1.08 0.75–1.56
  BMI 0.98 0.93–1.02 1.00 0.95–1.05 0.97 0.92–1.03 0.99 0.93–1.05 0.95 0.90–1.01 0.99 0.93–1.05
  1. BMI, body mass index; CACS, coronary artery calcium score; CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio.
  2. Multivariate analyses were adjusted for age, gender, hypertension, dyslipidemia, current smoking, and mild renal dysfunction.
  3. *P <0.001, P <0.005, P <0.05.