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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Differential association between obesity and coronary artery disease according to the presence of diabetes in a Korean population

  Non-diabetes (n = 6,345) Diabetes (n = 889) P
Age (years) 52 ± 10 58 ± 9 <0.001
Men, n (%) 3569 (56) 565 (64) <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 24.1 ± 2.9 25.1 ± 3.1 <0.001
BMI <18.5 99 (2) 10 (1)  
BMI 18.5 – 24.9 3920 (61) 455 (51)  
BMI 25.0 – 29.9 2137 (34) 373 (42)  
BMI ≥30.0 189 (3) 51 (6)  
Obesity, n (%) 2326 (37) 424 (48) <0.001
Hypertension, n (%) 1716 (27) 427 (49) <0.001
Current smoking, n (%) 1351 (22) 186 (21) 0.801
Dyslipidemia, n (%) 3253 (52) 560 (64) <0.001
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 187 (164, 210) 177 (155, 203) <0.001
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 121 (87, 170) 135 (97, 187) <0.001
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 50 (43, 58) 48 (41, 54) <0.001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 119 (97, 141) 111 (89, 137) 0.007
Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.90 (0.80, 1.00) 0.90 (0.80, 1.00) <0.001
GFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) 80 (72, 91) 80 (72, 90) <0.001
FBS (mg/dL) 94 (88, 101) 127 (107, 149) <0.001
Any plaque, n (%) 1814 (29) 511 (58) <0.001
Obstructive plaque, n(%) 401 (6) 174 (20) <0.001
CACS >100, n (%) 403 (6) 176 (20) <0.001
  1. Data are expressed as n (%) or mean ± SD. BMI, body mass index; CACS, coronary artery calcium score; FBS, fasting blood sugar; GFR, glomerular filtration rate; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein.