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Table 3 Comparison of anthropometric and biochemical measurements in the T2DM patient offspring group and the control group

From: Plasma and urine metabolic profiles are reflective of altered beta-oxidation in non-diabetic obese subjects and patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

  T2DM patient’s offspring Control (n = 19) (X + SD) P value
  (n = 20) (X + SD)  
Age 37.15 ± 13.4 24.3 ± 3.7 <0.005
BMI 29.3 ± 6.0 22.8 ± 1.4 <0.001
Waist cm 95.3 ± 17.1 70.0 ± 7.7 <0.0005
Hip cm 106.0 + 17.7 95.0 ± 7.7 <0.005
% Fat 32.5 ± 11.2 25.6 ± 9.8 <0.05
% Lean mass 67.5 ± 11.2 74.3 ± 9.9 <0.05
Total weight 82.54 ± 21.67 63.1 ± 9.2 <0.0005
Glucose O 90.25 ± 11.47 83.9 ± 12.5 >0.05
Glucose 30´ 140.7 ± 32.76 131 ± 30.9 >0.05
Glucose 60´ 141.2 ± 40.0 113.9 ± 25.3 <0.05
Glucose 90´ 128.5 ± 46.46 109.27 ± 33.33 >0.05
Glucose 120 120.05 ± 33.21 94.9 ± 21.7 <0.005
Insulin 0´ 11.1 ± 4.9 7.3 ± 2.0 <0.0005
Insulin 30´ 80.7 ± 49.8 56.7 ± 24.6 <0.05
Insulin 60´ 87.7 ± 58.3 57.9 ± 36.2 <0.05
Insulin 90´ 79.4 ± 57.2 54.8 ± 35.8 <0.05
Insulin 120´ 73.2 ± 49.6 41.4 ± 37.0 <0.0005
Free fatty acids 0.62 ± 0.24 0.5 ± 0.3 >0.05
Beta-hydroxybutyrate 0.18 ± 0.10 0.2 ± 0.3 >0.05
ALP 58.5 + 20.17 58.6 ± 20.2 >0.05
Uric acid 6.21 ± 1.33 5.2 ± 1.0 <0.05
Serum creatinine 0.91 ± 0.17 0.8 + 0.15 >0.05
Cholesterol 198.65 ± 28.4 200.6 ± 39.6 >0.05
Total bilirubin 0.34 ± 0.21 0.3 ± 0.2 >0.05
Direct bilirubin 0.05 ± 0.04 0.06 ± 0.03 >0.05
Indirect bilirubin 0.28 ± 0.21 0.2 ± 0.18 >0.05
Total protein 8.38 ± 0.80 8.4 ± 0.9 >0.05
Albumin 4.98 ± 0.39 5.11 ± 0.5 >0.05
Globulin 3.39 ± 0.55 3.4 ± 0.5 >0.05
AST 14.85 ± 8.64 10.4 ± 2.0 <0.05
ALT 13.7 ± 8.11 8.2 ± 2.6 <0.0005
Triacylglycerol 154.2 ± 114.9 110.6 ± 71.2 >0.05
C4 0.17 ± 0.08 0.18 ± 0.08 >0.05
C2 9.14 ± 1.44 8.7 ± 1.6 >0.05
Leu 103.8 ± 21.52 96.1 ± 23.7 >0.05
Tyr 48.2 ± 10.5 41.5 ± 11.0 >0.05
Val 138.8 ± 34.2 135.0 ± 31.0 >0.05
Gly 220.6 ± 38.4 226.5 ± 47 >0.05
Arg 24.1 ± 7.3 27.4 ± 7.84 >0.05
Cit 17.9 ± 3.09 17.5 ± 4.2 >0.05
Met 23.5 ± 6.25 22.4 ± 5.2 >0.05
Orn 80.2 ± 15.0 76.6 ± 9.5 >0.05
Phe 41.1 ± 8.3 39.3 ± 10.8 >0.05
Ala 231.0 ± 45.23 238.0 ± 44.2 >0.05
  1. NOTE: Parameters in bold were significant.