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Table 1 Comparison of anthropometric and biochemical measurements in T2DM patients and the control group

From: Plasma and urine metabolic profiles are reflective of altered beta-oxidation in non-diabetic obese subjects and patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

  T2DM patients Control (n = 19) (X + SD) P value
  (n = 21) (X + SD)  
Age 52 ± 11.1 24.3 ± 3.7 <0.005
BMI 32.4 ± 6.0 22.8 ± 1.4 <0.005
Waist cm 103.3 ± 13.8 70.0 ± 7.7 <0.005
Hip cm 109.0 ± 13.3 95.0 ± 7.7 <0.005
% Fat 42.0 ± 8.9 25.6 ± 9.8 <0.005
% Lean mass 58.0 ± 9.0 74.3 ± 9.9 <0.005
Total weight 84.2 ± 17.1 63.1 ± 9.2 <0.005
Glucose 0´ 148.2 ± 51.4 83.9 ± 12.5 <0.005
Glucose 30´ ND ND ND
Glucose 60´ ND ND ND
Glucose 90´ ND ND ND
Glucose 120´ ND ND ND
Insulin 0´ 15.6 ± 7.9 7.3 ± 2.0 <0.005
HOMA IR 5.4 ± 2.7 1.5 ± 0.44 <0.005
Free fatty acids 0.6 ± 0.2 0.5 ± 0.3 >0.05
Beta-hydroxybutyrate 0.2 ± 0.1 0.2 ± 0.04 >0.05
ALP 63 ± 17 62.10 ± 16.9 >0.05
Uric acid 5.8 ± 1.5 5.2 ± 1.0 >0.05
Serum creatinine 0.7 ± 0.17 0.8 ± 0.15 >0.05
Cholesterol 202.5 ± 50.7 200.6 ± 39.6 >0.05
Total bilirubin 0.2 ± 0.10 0.3 ± 0.2 >0.05
Direct bilirubin .05 ± .02 0.06 ± 0.03 >0.05
Indirect bilirubin 0.15 ± 0.1 0.2 ± 0.1 >0.05
Total protein 8.1 ± 0 .7 8.5 ± 0.9 >0.05
Albumin 4.7 ± 0.5 5.13 ± 0.5 <0.05
Globulin 3.4 ± 0.4 3.4 ± 0.5 >0.05
AST 17 ± 11.5 10.4 ± 2.0 <0.05
ALT 14.5 ± 10.1 8.0 ± 2.6 <0.005
C4 0.24 ± 0.10 0.18 + 0.08 <0.05
C2 10.1 ± 2.2 8.7 ± 1.6 <0.005
Leu 117.7 ± 22.3 96.1 ± 23.7 <0.05
Tyr 51.3 ± 10.4 41.5 ± 11.0 <0.005
Val 165.2 ± 19.0 135.0 ± 31.0 <0.005
Gly 242.0 ± 36.2 226.5 ± 47.0 >0.05
Arg 27.5 ± 9.8 27.4 ± 7.8 >0.05
Cit 18.4 ± 4.7 17.5 ± 4.2 >0.05
Met 21.7 ± 5.1 22.4 ± 5.2 >0.05
Orn 83.7 ± 13.8 76.6 ± 9.6 >0.05
Phe 41.2 ± 6.2 39.3 ± 10.8 >0.05
Ala 288.8 ± 63.0 238.0 ± 44.2 <0.005
  1. NOTE: Parameters in bold were significant.