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Table 1 Selected socio-demographic and nutritional characteristics of study participants during the baseline of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil), 2008-2010

From: High prevalence of diabetes and intermediate hyperglycemia – The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)

  n % 95% CI
Gender (n = 15102)    
 Men 6885 45.6 44.8-46.4
 Women 8217 54.4 53.6-55.2
Age (n = 15102)    
 35-44 3340 22.1 21.5-22.8
 45-54 5937 39.3 38.5-40.1
 55-64 4233 28.0 27.3-28.8
 65-74 1592 10.5 10.1-11.0
Self-identified skin color/race category (n = 14918)    
 White 7789 52.2 51.4-53.0
 Black 2397 16.1 15.5-16.7
 Brown (“pardo”) 4201 28.2 27.4-28.9
 Asian 374 2.5 2.3-2.8
 Indigenous 157 1.1 0.9-1.2
Educational level (n = 15102)    
 Incomplete elementary school 894 5.9 5.5-6.3
 Incomplete secondary school 1028 6.8 6.4-7.2
 Secondary school 5232 34.6 33.9-35.4
 University degree 7948 52.6 51.8-53.4
Body mass index categories (BMI) (n = 15096)    
 Underweight (<18.5 kg/m2) 143 1.0 0.8-1.1
 Normal ( 18.5-24.9 kg/m2) 5422 35.9 35.2-36.7
 Overweight (25-29.9 kg/m2) 6073 40.2 39.5-41.0
 Obese (≥30 kg/m2) 3458 22.9 22.2-23.6
  1. Small differences in total frequency (n) of characteristics are due to missing values.