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Table 2 Annual utilization of resources by the 209 analyzed patients

From: The cost of type 2 diabetes in Brazil: evaluation of a diabetes care center in the city of São Paulo, Brazil

  N* Mean** Std. deviation N*** male (SD) N*** female (SD)
Consultations      
DM Consultations 209 2.23 1.469 205 (2.09) 261 (0.74)
 Urology 30 2.17 1.147 45 (0.99) 20(1.40)
 Cardiology 67 3.27 3.899 114 (2.50) 110 (4.86)
 Dialysis 1 52.00 ----- ---- 156
 Endocrinology 9 3.00 2.000 6 (1.41) 21 (1.89)
 Neurology 10 2.20 1.549 9 (1.41) 14 (1.30)
 Ophthalmology 31 2.81 2.135 38 (1.32) 49 (2.62)
 Nutrition 32 1.41 0.665 21 (0.73) 24 (2.62)
 APA 6 3.50 6.124 1 20 (6.00)
 Center – DM consultation 37 3.35 2.850 18 (0.43) 61 (2.09)
 Podology 4 2.50 1.291 2 8 (1.25)
Imaging examinations      
 FO 4 0.66 0.568 66 (0.33) 82 (0.29)
 Laser therapy 2 0.17 0.660 14 (1.07) 27 (1.16)
 ECG 92 1.03 1.362 55 (1.84) 43 (0.66)
 Echocardiogram 25 0.96 0.351 13 (0.28) 15 (0.32)
 Ultrasound 45 1.04 0.424 19 (0.23) 34 (0.51)
 Doppler ultrasound 10 1.10 0.315 4 (0.00) 7 (0.37)
 Scintillography 6 0.50 0.548 2 (0.00) 2 (0.49)
 Ergometric test 23 0.91 0.288 14 (0.00) 10 (0.37)
Laboratory exams 139 1.86 1.666 130 (2.12) 132 (1.13)
 Creatine kinase      
 Creatinine 177 2.73 5.741 287 (8.26) 200 (1.75)
 Glycaemia 174 1.93 1.089 164 (1.35) 193 (0.97)
 Postprandial glycaemia 11 0.91 0.302 5 (0.00) 6 (0.35)
 HbA1c 174 1.78 0.879 142 (0.95) 175 (0.82)
 Total and frac. cholesterol 185 1.88 0.962 156 (0.97) 201 (0.99)
 Alanine 139 1.86 1.666 165 (2.48) 145 (0.92)
 Aspartate 177 2.73 5.741 165 (2.48) 144 (0.93)
 Potassium 174 1.93 1.089 259 (8.82) 180 (1.77)
 Sodium 11 0.91 0.302 246 (8.91) 151 (1.84)
 Urea 174 1.78 0.879 246 (8.89) 153 (1.70)
 Complete hemogram 185 1.88 0.962 200 (9.30) 106 (1.79)
 Partial hemogram 22 1.05 0.213 13 (0.00) 13 (0.28)
 Uric acid 34 1.24 0.819 28 (0.97) 16 (0.44)
 TSH 121 1.53 0.886 79 (0.96) 109 (0.82)
 Free T4 51 1.24 0.737 25 (0.98) 39 (0.52)
 Gamaglutiltransf. 46 1.96 2.756 62 (3.35) 29 (1.24)
 Alkaline phosphatase 30 2.20 3.316 44 (4.07) 22 (1.54)
 Total Ca 46 1.76 2.141 46 (2.95) 35 (0.80)
 Ionized Ca 18 3.44 7.838 52 (9.10) 10 (1.97)
 Microalbuminuria 102 1.25 0.535 51 (0.62) 82 (0.47)
 Triglycerides 24 1.04 0.359 10 (0.30) 15 (0.36)
 Phosphorus 29 2.17 5.372 44 (7.95) 19 (0.47)
  1. *Number of patients who utilized the resource.
  2. **Number of times that the resource was used per patient, per year.
  3. ***Total number of exams or procedures or appointments.