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Table 2 Comparison of echocardiographic parameters between the groups

From: The relationship between epicardial fat thickness and gestational diabetes mellitus

Variables GDM group (n: 65) Control group (n: 64) p-value
Left ventricle end-diastolic diameter (mm) 46.0 ± 5.1 46.6 ± 4.5 0.675
Left ventricle end-systolic diameter (mm) 28.8 ± 6.6 30.4 ± 3.0 0.224
Left ventricular ejection fraction (%) 64.6 ± 5.1 62.9 ± 4.5 0.205
Interventricular septum (mm) 8.8 ± 1.4 8.7 ± 1.6 0.682
Posterior wall (mm) 8.9 ± 1.2 9.0 ± 1.5 0.823
Right ventricular diameter (mm) 27.4 ± 2.6 27.5 ± 2.4 0.654
Left atrium diameter (mm) 32.9 ± 3.8 32.8 ± 2.7 0.784
E wave 0.75 ± 0.2 0.77 ± 0.2 0.685
A wave 0.59 ± 0.1 0.57 ± 0.1 0.065
Deceleration time 192.6 ± 47.3 181.4 ± 25.6 0.112
isovolumetric relaxation time 80.8 ± 26.4 71.59 ± 17.5 0.020
E/A 1.29 ± 0.4 1.38 ± 0.3 0.141
E/E’ 6.7 ± 1.8 6.1 ± 2.3 0.193
Epicardial fat thickness (mm) 7.2 ± 2.5 5.6 ± 1.7 <0.001