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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Low serum galectin-3 concentrations are associated with insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

N 20 Fasting insulin (pmol/L) 68.3 ± 41.6
Gender (male/female) 13/7 HOMA-IR 3.77 ± 2.33
Age (years) 53.6 ± 11.4 ISI 4.32 ± 2.26
BMI (kg/m2) 28.0 ± 3.8 Insulinogenic index 97.3 ± 117.1
Waist circumstance (cm) 95.8 ± 8.8 AUC glucose (mmol/L•h) 19.6 ± 3.5
FPG (mmol/L) 7.60 ± 1.18 AUC insulin (pmol/L•h) 448.0 ± 265.4
HbA1c (NGSP) (%) 7.25 ± 0.71 AUC insulin/AUC glucose 23.8 ± 14.3
(mmol/mol) (55 ± 8) hs-CRP (mg/dL) 0.16 ± 0.13
LDL-C (mmol/L) 3.33 ± 0.85 IL-6 (pg/ml) 2.96 ± 3.52
TG (mmol/L) 1.80 ± 0.89 IL-10 (pg/ml) 4.15 ± 2.93
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.29 ± 0.37 adiponectin (μg/mL) 6.76 ± 3.57
GDR (mg · kg−1 · min−1) 5.33 ± 2.04 Proinsulin (pmol/L) 3.73 ± 3.32
Galectin-3 (pg/mL) 5103 ± 2239 Proinsulin/insulin ratio 0.09 ± 0.10
  1. Data are means ± standard deviation.
  2. BMI, body mass index; HbA1c, hemoglobin A1c; NGSP, National Glycohemoglobin Standardization Program; FPG, fasting plasma glucose; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; TG, triglyceride; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance; ISI, insulin sensitivity index; AUC, area under the concentration–time curve; hs-CRP high-sensitive C reactive protein; IL, interleukin; GDR, glucose disposal rate.