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Table 2 Odds ratio for incident hypertension in middle-aged Japanese subjects with OBP by sex

From: Impaired fasting glucose as an independent risk factor for hypertension among healthy middle-aged Japanese subjects with optimal blood pressure: the Yuport Medical Checkup Centre retrospective cohort study

  FPG categories at baseline Men Women
   Incidence of hypertension, (%) Incidence of hypertension, (%)
  NFG 40/848 (4.5%) 43/1453 (2.9%)
  IFG 33/349 (8.6%) 19/158 (10.7%)
   OR (95% CI) P- value OR (95% CI) P- value
Model 1* IFG vs. NFG 1.95 (1.21-3.15) 0.006 3.54 (2.00-6.27) <0.001
Model 2** IFG vs. NFG 1.66 (1.02-2.70) 0.043 2.62 (1.45-4.73) 0.001
  Age (years) 1.04 (1.00-1.08) 0.046 1.05 (1.00-1.10) 0.042
  BMI (kg/m2) 1.06 (0.95-1.17) 0.332 1.17 (1.06-1.29) 0.002
  SBP (mmHg) 1.12 (1.07-1.18) <0.001 1.09 (1.05-1.14) <0.001
  TC (per 10 mg/dL) 1.03 (0.95-1.11) 0.478 0.94 (0.86-1.04) 0.228
  TG (per 10 mg/dL) 1.03 (1.00-1.06) 0.079 1.06 (0.99-1.12) 0.079
  HDL-C (per 10 mg/dL) 1.00 (0.80-1.25) 1.000 0.96 (0.75-1.22) 0.727
  UA (mg/dL) 1.10 (0.90-1.34) 0.361 1.17 (0.89-1.55) 0.268
  1. *Model 1: adjusted for age.
  2. **Model 2: adjusted for age, BMI, SBP, TC, TG, HDL-C, and UA.
  3. FPG, fasting plasma glucose; NFG, normal fasting glucose; IFG, impaired fasting glucose.