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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and incidence of hypertension

From: Impaired fasting glucose as an independent risk factor for hypertension among healthy middle-aged Japanese subjects with optimal blood pressure: the Yuport Medical Checkup Centre retrospective cohort study

  Total Men Women  
  N = 2943 N = 1270 (43.2%) N = 1673 (56.8%) P-value*
Age (years) 51.7 ± 6.7 51.0 ± 6.7 52.2 ± 6.7 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 22.1 ± 2.6 22.7 ± 2.6 21.5 ± 2.6 <0.001
SBP (mmHg) 107.5 ± 7.9 108.8 ± 7.2 106.5 ± 8.3 <0.001
DBP (mmHg) 65.8 ± 6.2 67.5 ± 5.6 64.5 ± 6.4 <0.001
FPG (mg/dL) 92.8 ± 8.5 96.1 ± 8.5 90.4 ± 7.5 <0.001
HbA1c (%) 5.4 ± 0.4 5.4 ± 0.4 5.4 ± 0.4 0.517
TC (mg/dL) 201.6 ± 33.7 194.8 ± 32.5 206.7 ± 33.7 <0.001
TG (mg/dL) 102.6 ± 62.0 124.8 ± 76.3 85.7 ± 40.9 <0.001
HDL-C (mg/dL) 60.3 ± 15.6 52.7 ± 13.3 66.0 ± 14.7 <0.001
LDL-C (mg/dL) 120.8 ± 30.1 117.1 ± 30.2 123.6 ± 30.8 <0.001
Cr (mg/dL) 0.70 ± 0.15 0.82 ± 0.13 0.61 ± 0.09 <0.001
UA (mg/dL) 5.0 ± 1.3 5.9 ± 1.2 4.4 ± 0.9 <0.001
Follow-up (years) 5.6 ± 1.6 5.7 ± 1.5 5.5 ± 1.6 <0.001
HT (%) 135 (4.6%) 73 (5.7%) 62 (3.7%) 0.010
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD or number (%).
  2. *Mean or frequency (%) difference between men and women.
  3. BMI, body mass index; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; FPG, fasting plasma glucose; HbA1c, glycosylated hemoglobin; TC, total cholesterol; TG, triglyceride; HDL-C, high density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low density lipoprotein cholesterol; Cr, creatinine; UA, uric acid; HT, hypertension.