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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and anthropometric measurements of obese participants according to circulating PPARγ level

From: Crosstalk between circulating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, adipokines and metabolic syndrome in obese subjects

Characteristics Low circulating PPARγ (Mean ± SEM) ¶† High circulating PPARγ (Mean ± SEM) ¶† 95% confidence interval of the difference (Lower- Upper) P value†
Age (year) 40.68 ± 1.65 37.44 ± 1.69 −1.47 to 7.95 0.176
Weight(kg) 88.54 ± 1.64 97.92 ± 2.56 −15.41 to-3.35 0.003*
BMI (kg/m2) 34.26 ± 0.56 36.42 ± 0.64 −3.86 to −0.46 0.013*
Fat (%) 40.73 ± 0.86 40.82 ± 0.98 −2.70 to 2.51 0.945
Fat mass (kg) 36.27 ± 1.14 39.72 ± 1.30 −6.88 to 0.003 0.050*
FFM (kg) 52.48 ± 1.13 58.21 ± 2.08 −10.43 to −1.01 0.018*
Visceral Fat (kg) 10.57 ± 0.53 11.48 ± 0.51 −2.38 to 0.55 0.221
Trunk Fat 18.09 ± 0.52 20.37 ± 0.65 −3.95 to −0.60 0.008*
FBS (mg/dl) 103.13 ± 3.73 113.11 ± 6.56 −24.90 to 4.93 0.191
TG (mg/dl) 130.90 ± 8.14 162.65 ± 11.18 −59.26 to −4.22 0.025*
Total Chol (mg/dl) 188.41 ± 4.97 195.91 ± 4.50 −20.84 to 5.85 0.267
HDL Chol (mg/dl) 49.93 ± 1.30 47.46 ± 1.45 −1.40 to 6.34 0.210
LDL Chol (mg/dl) 100.40 ± 3.39 103.93 ± 3.02 −12.57 to 5.50 0.439
AST (IU/L) 16.73 ± 1.03 19.56 ± 1.14 −5.89 to 0.22 0.069
ALT(IU/L) 14.42 ± 1.59 16.45 ± 1.76 −6.75 to 2.68 0.395
ALP(IU/L) 179.50 ± 6.67 185.22 ± 6.55 −24.32 to12.87 0.542
Hs-CRP (mg/l) 3.11 ± 0.41 3.68 ± 0.47 −1.81 to 0.67 0.368
Insulin (μlU/ml) 16.99 ± 1.03 18.36 ± 1.24 −4.57 to 1.85 0.402
HOMA-IR 4.43 ± 0.38 5.31 ± 3.52 −2.21 to 0.44 0.19
RMR (kcal/24 h) 1542.77 ± 56.79 1880.97 ± 84.04 −538.98 to-137.41 0.001*
BAI 39.22 ± 0.75 39.40 ± 0.86 −2.45 to 2.10 0.88
WC (cm) 97.87 ± 1.31 105.26 ± 1.60 −11.51 to −3.26 0.001*
SBP (mmhg) 124.95 ± 3.90 123.06 ± 2.98 −7.85 to11.62 0.702
DBP (mmhg) 86.65 ± 1.89 83.71 ± 2.07 −2.63 to 8.53 0.296
  1. *P-value ≤0.05 are significant.
  2. †Independent- Samples T Test.
  3. ¶Mean plus and minus Standard Error Mean.
  4. †n of participants in low circulating PPARγ group = 48, n of participants in high circulating PPARγ group = 48.
  5. BMI, body mass index; FFM, free fat mass; FBS, fasting blood sugar; TG, triglyceride, LDL, low density lipoprotein; HDL, high density lipoprotein; AST, Aspartate transaminase; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; ALP, Alkaline phosphatase; hsCRP, High sensitivity c-reactive protein, HOMA-IR, Homeostasis Model of Assessment - Insulin Resistance; RMR, resting metabolic rate; BAI, Body Adiposity Index; WC, Waist Circumference, SBP, systolic blood pressure, DBP, diastolic blood pressure.