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Table 1 Clinical characteristics: comparison between non-MetS and MetS groups

From: The interplay between inflammation, physical activity and metabolic syndrome in a remote male geriatric community in Southern Taiwan: the Tianliao Old People (TOP) study 03

Variation Non-MetS (n = 223) MetS (n = 86)
Age (years)* 74 ± 0.4 74 ± 0.6
hsCRP (mg/L)* 1.0 ± 0.3 1.6 ± 0.7**
ATP III MetS criteria (%)   
Hypertension 71.7 89.5**
Increased waist 18.8 74.4***
Low HDL-C 9.9 70.9***
Hyperglycemia 21.5 59.3***
High triglyceride 3.6 51.2***
Fasting glucose (mg/dL) 93.7 ± 7.7 101.5 ± 10.6***
Insulin (uIU/mL)* 4.8 ± 0.3 9.4 ± 1.4***
Cholesterol (mg/dL) 194.5 ± 36.2 194.1 ± 33.7
Triglycerides (mg/dL)* 84.0 ± 2.1 151 ± 9.0***
LDL-C (mg/dL) 124.8 ± 31.0 123.0 ± 31.7
HDL-C (mg/dL) 51.4 ± 11.1 38.5 ± 6.7***
Waist (cm) 82.2 ± 10.3 94.2 ± 7.6***
Height (cm) 160.9 ± 5.9 161.8 ± 5.4
Weight (kg) 59.5 ± 8.2 69.4 ± 8.3***
BMI (kg/m2) 23.0 ± 2.7 26.5 ± 2.8***
Body fat* 18.8 ± 6.2 23.3 ± 0.6***
Physical activity(MET-hr/week) 183.1 ± 19.0 173.5 ± 10.6*
MetSC* 1 ± 0.05 3 ± 0.07***
Smoke, current 17 17.4
Liver disease (%) 3.6 4.7
Stroke (%) 3.1 10.5*
Heart disease (%) 13.0 18.6
Arrhythmia (%) 2.2 3.5
Cardiac catheterization (%) 4.0 4.7
  1. 1. Continuous variables with normal distribution are mean ± standard deviation (SD) and with non-normal distribution (variation*) are median ± standard error (SE). Categorical variables are reported as numbers and percentages, as indicated.
  2. 2. Continuous variables with normal distribution were tested using Student’s t test; otherwise, Mann–Whitney U test was used. Comparisons between categorical variables were made using a χ2 test. *p <0.05; **p <0.01; ***p <0.001.
  3. Abbreviations: ATP III = Adult Treatment Panel III; BMI = body mass index; HDL-C = high-density lipoprotein; hsCRP = high-sensitivity C-reactive protein; LDL-C = low-density lipoprotein; MetS = metabolic syndrome.