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Table 1 Baseline patient characteristics by geographical region

From: Prevalence of diabetes complications in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus and its association with baseline characteristics in the multinational A1chieve study

  All China South Asia East Asia North Africa Middle East Latin America Russia
All patients         
Age, yr         
  n 65,381 10,889 21,775 9,966 4,011 14,549 1,126 3,065
  mean (SD) 54.0 (12.0) 54.9 (14.7) 51.7 (10.2) 56.5 (12.1) 58.1 (11.8) 52.5 (11.4) 59.5 (12.9) 59.2 (9.2)
Sex         
  n 66,656 11,019 22,436 10,030 4,032 14,927 1,138 3,074
  male (%) 37,033 (55.6) 6,300 (57.2) 13,908 (62.0) 5,092 (50.8) 1,717 (42.6) 8,636 (57.9) 485 (42.6) 895 (29.1)
BMI, kg/m2         
  n 59,115 10,817 19,292 8,664 3,611 12,571 1,092 3,068
  mean (SD) 27.1 (5.0) 24.7 (3.4) 26.3 (3.8) 24.8 (4.3) 28.0 (5.0) 30.4 (5.5) 29.4 (5.6) 31.1 (5.3)
Diabetes duration, yr         
  n 65,786 10,814 22,316 9,776 4,016 14,658 1,135 3,071
  mean (SD) 8.0 (6.2) 6.3 (6.3) 6.4 (4.7) 8.6 (6.9) 11.5 (7.2) 9.8 (6.0) 12.0 (8.3) 8.4 (5.4)
Patients with macrovascular complications         
Age, yr         
  n 17,506 2,318 4,806 2,662 972 4,195 333 2,220
  mean (SD) 59.3 (10.6) 61.7 (14.1) 56.3 (8.9) 61.5 (10.6) 63.6 (9.5) 57.7 (10.1) 65.1 (9.9) 61.0 (8.5)
Sex         
  n 17,786 2,342 4,943 2,684 978 4,278 335 2,226
  male (%) 9,618 (54.1) 1,271 (54.3) 3,178 (64.3) 1,350 (50.3) 488 (49.9) 2,567 (60.0) 156 (46.6) 608 (27.3)
BMI, kg/m2         
  n 16,271 2,306 4,645 2,310 867 3,603 317 2,223
  mean (SD) 27.9 (5.3) 25.1 (3.4) 26.2 (3.6) 25.3 (4.3) 28.8 (5.1) 31.1 (5.5) 30.4 (6.0) 31.6 (5.3)
Diabetes duration, yr         
  n 17,653 2,297 4,938 2,635 973 4,251 335 2,224
  mean (SD) 10.3 (6.6) 9.4 (7.0) 8.4 (5.1) 10.5 (7.3) 14.2 (7.9) 12.4 (6.4) 14.6 (8.6) 9.2 (5.4)
Patients with microvascular complications         
Age, yr         
  n 34,518 5,399 8,103 5,582 2,386 9,602 710 2,736
  mean (SD) 56.9 (11.2) 57.9 (14.1) 54.8 (9.7) 59.0 (11.2) 60.9 (10.5) 54.6 (10.4) 61.0 (12.1) 59.8 (8.9)
Sex         
  n 35,033 5,467 8,288 5,614 2,395 9,810 715 2,744
  male (%) 18,542 (52.9) 2,957 (54.1) 5,067 (61.1) 2,752 (49.0) 994 (41.5) 5,703 (58.1) 293 (41.0) 776 (28.3)
BMI, kg/m2         
  n 31,894 5,364 7,644 4,946 2,154 8,361 686 2,739
  mean (SD) 27.6 (5.3) 24.7 (3.4) 26.1 (3.7) 25.0 (4.3) 28.4 (5.0) 30.9 (5.5) 29.4 (5.7) 31.2 (5.3)
Diabetes duration, yr         
  n 34,666 5,371 8,281 5,514 2,379 9,667 712 2,742
  mean (SD) 9.9 (6.4) 8.4 (6.7) 8.2 (4.9) 10.4 (7.2) 13.6 (7.3) 11.2 (6.0) 13.7 (8.3) 8.9 (5.4)
  1. Note: due to the observational nature of this study, not all baseline data were recorded.
  2. BMI = body mass index.