Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Analysis stratified by ethnicity for the pulse wave velocity and increased arterial stiffness according to diabetes mellitus

From: Impact of diabetes mellitus on arterial stiffness in a representative sample of an urban Brazilian population

  Diabetics Non-diabetics p value
Amerindian (n = 24) (n = 564)  
PWV (m/s) 11.2 ± 3.1 8.5 ± 2.0 0.02
Increased arterial stiffness (%) 33.3 10.1 <0.001
White (11.5 ± 2.3) 9.8 ± 1.9 0.007
Increased stiffness (%) 31.6 12.3 0.001
Intermediate (n = 66) (n = 699)  
PWV (m/s) 11.5 ± 2.9 9.5 ±2.1 <0.001
Increased arterial stiffness (%) 45.5 11.6 <0.001
Black (n = 8) (n = 109)  
PWV (m/s) 12.3 ± 1.6 10.2 ± 2.5 0.14
Increased arterial stiffness (%) 37.5 17.4 0.16
PWV (m/s) 12.3 ± 1.6 10.2 ± 2.5 0.14
Increased arterial stiffness (%) 37.5 17.4 0.16
  1. Analysis of PWV variable is adjusted for age, gender, mean blood pressure, hypertension, body mass index, and smoking.
  2. Ethnicity is categorized as Amerindian, White, Mulatto (Brown or “pardo” in Portuguese, person with admixture between White and Black) and Black.
  3. Hypertension = mean systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg or use of anti-hypertension drugs.
  4. Increased arterial stiffness = pulse wave velocity (PWV) ≥ 12m/s.
  5. Diabetes = fasting glucose ≥ 126 mg/dL and/or use of hypoglycemic drugs.