
Diabetics

Nondiabetics

p value



(n = 136)

(n = 1867)
 

PWN (m/s)

11.6 ± 2.2

8.5 ± 1.7

<0.001

Increased stiffness (%)

39.0

11.7

<0.001

Models

OR

95% CI

p
value

Adjusted*^{¥}

2.27

1.473.52

<0.001

Adjusted**^{¥}

2.45

1.423.76

<0.001

Stratified by hypertension

PWN (m/s)

10.3 ± 2.2

8.5 ± 1.7

0.03

Increased stiffness (%)

12.1

3.1

0.02

Models

OR

95% ±

p
value

Adjusted*

1.65

0.535.16

0.39

Adjusted**

1.33

0.384.70

0.62

Hypertensive

Diabetics

Nondiabetics

p
value


(n = 103)

(n = 664)
 
PWN (m/s)

12.3 ± 2.7

10.9 ± 2.1

<0.001

Increased stiffness (%)

47.6

25.9

<0.001

Models

OR

95% CI

p
value

Adjusted*

2.23

1.413.52

0.001

Adjusted**

2.75

1.534.81

<0.001

 Continuous data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation.
 Increased arterial stiffness = pulse wave velocity (PWV) ≥ 12m/s and, this was used as dependent variable in the logistic model.
 Analysis of PWV variable is adjusted for age, gender, mean blood pressure (MBP), ethnicity, body mass index (BMI), and smoking.
 * Model 1: adjusted for age, gender, and MBP.
 ** Model 2: adjusted for age, gender, MBP, ethnicity, BMI, smoking, and dyslipidemia.
 ^{¥}Adjusted by model 1 plus hypertension or by model 2 plus hypertension.
 Hypertension = mean systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg or use of antihypertension drugs.
 Diabetes = fasting glucose ≥ 126 mg/dL and/or use of hypoglycemic drugs.