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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the study population by sex, according to presence of the Metabolic syndrome

From: Association between presence of the metabolic syndrome and its components with carotid intima-media thickness and carotid and femoral plaque area: a population study

  Men (n = 359) Women (n = 412)
  Metabolic syndrome Metabolic syndrome
Baseline characteristics Yes (n = 163) No (n = 196) P value Yes (n = 96) No (n = 316) P value
Age (years)* 61.86 (±0.83) 60.32 (±0.77) 0.17 64.96 (±0.88) 58.52 (±0.55) <0.001
Sitting Systolic BP (mmHg)* 141.34 (±1.27) 132.26 (±1.15) <0.001 151.82 (±1.16) 137.49 (±0.96) <0.001
Sitting Diastolic BP (mmHg)* 85.69 (±0.77) 80.79 (±0.73) <0.001 89.27 (±0.92) 82.67 (±0.51) <0.001
Antihypertensive Therapy (%) 50.9% 28.4% <0.001 60.4% 29.4% <0.001
Total Cholesterol (mmol/L)* 5.61 (±0.08) 5.70 (±0.08) 0.56 6.04 (±0.1) 5.99 (±0.06) 0.67
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)* 3.44 (±0.06) 3.49 (±0.06) 0.52 3.58 (± 0.06) 3.54 (± 0.04) 0.66
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)* 1.03 (±0.63) 1.27 (±0.02) <0.001 1.20 (± 0.02) 1.48 (±0.016) <0.001
Triglycerides (mmol/L)† 2.10 (1.63; 2.64) 1.32 (0.98; 1.57) <0.001 2.15 (1.78; 2.83) 1.24 (0.97; 1.56) <0.001
Diabetes mellitus (%) 30.7% 6.3% <0.001 33.3% 2.3% <0.001
BMI (kg/m 2 )* 29.88 (±0.35) 26.06 (±0.2) <0.001 32.39 (±0.47) 26.95 (±0.25) <0.001
ApoA1 (g/L)* 1.29 (±0.013) 1.40 (±0.017) <0.001 1.44 (±0.02) 1.55 (±0.001) <0.001
ApoB (g/L)* 1.21 (±0.02) 1.19 (±0.02) 0.48 1.23 (±0.02) 1.18 (±0.014) 0.044
Homa index† 2.25(1.15; 4.18) 0.94(0.51; 1.8) <0.001 2.51 (1.67; 3.86) 1.14 (0.72; 1.7) <0.001
IMTccMean (mm)* 0.79 (±0.15) 0.76 (±0.12) 0.084 0.77 (±0.16) 0.69 (±0.13) <0.001
Sum of total plaque area (mm 2 )† 53 (25; 103) 42 (10;72) 0.002 16 (1; 44) 8 (1;32) 0.01
Sum of plaque area carotids (mm 2 )† 22 (1; 39) 12 (1; 27.5) 0.011 8.75 (1;25.75) 1 (1; 19) 0.013
Sum of plaque area femoral (mm 2 )† 33(10; 62) 23(1; 49) 0.011 1(1; 17.75) 1(1; 6) 0.012
  1. *Mean and standard deviation (sd) is used for normally distributed values.
  2. †Median and interquartile range (iqr) is used for non-normally distributed values.