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Table 1 General characteristic of the study population stratified by sexual dysfunction

From: Association between metabolic syndrome and sexual dysfunction among men with clinically diagnosed diabetes

Variables Total (n = 274) NSD (n = 84) SD (n = 190) P value
Socio - demographic data     
Age (years) 59.9 ± 11.3 56.2 ± 11.6 65.1 ± 7.5 <0.0001
Duration of diabetes (years) 6.8 ± 5.9 6.0 ± 5.6 8.5 ± 6.2 0.0012
Anthropometric data     
SBP (mmHg) 151.5 ± 24.7 148.8 ± 25.7 157.6 ± 21.1 0.0063
DBP (mmHg) 96.2 ± 17.7 94.8 ± 16.9 99.4 ± 19.1 0.0504
Hip circumference (cm) 100.7 ± 9.5 100.0 ± 7.6 101.0 ± 10.3 0.4559
Waist circumference (cm) 94.5 ± 16.0 94.6 ± 16.3 94.4 ± 15.9 0.9025
WHR 0.9 ± 0.2 0.9 ± 0.2 0.9 ± 0.1 0.5362
Biochemical parameters    
FBG (mmol L-1) 9.4 ± 4.0 9.3 ± 3.4 9.4 ± 4.2 0.8254
Total cholesterol (mmolL-1) 5.2 ± 1.2 5.1 ± 1.1 5.3 ± 1.3 0.2021
Triglyceride (mmolL-1) 1.4 ± 0.7 1.4 ± 0.8 1.5 ± 0.7 0.3137
HDL-cholesterol (mmolL-1) 1.2 ± 0.3 1.2 ± 0.3 1.2 ± 0.3 0.5161
LDL-cholesterol (mmolL-1) 3.3 ± 1.1 3.3 ± 1.0 3.5 ± 1.2 0.1279
Testosterone (ng mL-1) 6.3 ± 2.5 6.7 ± 2.8 6.0 ± 2.1 0.0250
Raw score for sexual dysfunction and its sub - scales
Sexual dysfunction 72.2 ± 10.6 58.8 ± 8.0 78.1 ± 4.4 <0.0001
Impotence 11.3 ± 2.1 9.2 ± 1.6 12.3 ± 1.6 <0.0001
Premature ejaculation 7.4 ± 2.9 4.8 ± 1.5 8.5 ± 2.6 <0.0001
Non-sensuality 11.6 ± 2.5 9.2 ± 2.2 12.7 ± 1.7 <0.0001
Avoidance 8.0 ± 3.2 7.8 ± 4.5 8.1 ± 2.5 0.5710
Dissatisfaction 11.3 ± 1.6 10.0 ± 1.7 11.8 ± 1.2 <0.0001
Non-communication 4.2 ± 1.5 3.0 ± 1.1 4.8 ± 1.3 <0.0001
Infrequency 5.3 ± 1.4 5.1 ± 1.4 5.4 ± 1.4 0.0796
  1. Data are presented as mean ± s.d; P-value defines the level of significance when subjects with no sexual dysfunction (NSD) were compared to those with sexual dysfunction (SD)(Unpaired t-test); SBP-systolic blood pressure; DBP-diastolic blood pressure; WHR-waist to hip ratio; FBG-fasting blood glucose; HDL-high density lipoprotein; LDL-low density lipoprotein.