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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population

From: The association and predictive value analysis of metabolic syndrome on diastolic heart failure in patients at high risk for coronary artery disease

Variable Total (n = 261) Non-MetS (n = 48) Pre-MetS (n = 149) MetS (n = 64) p value
Age 59.56 ± 14.53 51.27 ± 14.45 59.68 ± 14.4 65.48 ± 11.85 <0.001
Gender (male, %) 153(58.6%) 25(52.1%) 89(59.7%) 39(60.9%) 0.588
Height 165.83 ± 8.11 165.1 ± 8.45 165.95 ± 7.77 166.08 ± 8.71 0.789
Weight 65.11 ± 11.74 58.55 ± 8.49 63.63 ± 10.87 73.47 ± 11.34 <0.001
BMI 23.56 ± 3.54 21.38 ± 2.08 22.97 ± 3.29 26.55 ± 3.11 <0.001
WC 82.92 ± 7.82 77.97 ± 6.213 82 ± 7 87.04 ± 7.19 <0.001
SBP 128 ± 18 116 ± 11 128 ± 18 136 ± 18 <0.001
DBP 76 ± 11 72 ± 7 76 ± 11 81 ± 13 <0.001
HR 71 ± 11 66 ± 11 72 ± 11 73 ± 12 0.007
Laboratory assay
FPG 6.02 ± 2.52 4.83 ± 0.26 6.11 ± 2.88 6.73 ± 2.25 <0.001
PBG 8.48 ± 4.08 6.24 ± 0.83 8.4 ± 4.25 9.66 ± 4.32 0.004
HbAlc 6.74 ± 2.13 5.23 ± 0.42 6.91 ± 2.36 7.16 ± 1.97 0.003
TC 4.5 ± 1.12 4.21 ± 0.81 4.59 ± 1.13 4.49 ± 1.26 0.142
TG 1.61 ± 1.2 0.98 ± 0.33 1.49 ± 0.95 2.34 ± 1.68 <0.001
HDL 1.14 ± 0.3 1.3 ± 0.28 1.16 ± 0.3 0.99 ± 0.23 <0.001
LDL 2.56 ± 0.89 2.31 ± 0.67 2.67 ± 0.92 2.49 ± 0.91 0.048
Cr 76.11 ± 25.93 68.04 ± 14.06 74.84 ± 22.45 84.78 ± 35.96 0.002
Ccr 85.58 ± 30.31 91.04 ± 24 85.46 ± 31.27 81.95 ± 31.97 0.300
UA 0.34 ± 0.1 0.3 ± 0.08 0.34 ± 0.1 0.38 ± 0.12 0.001
Echocardiographic measurement
LVEF (%) 65 ± 6 65 ± 4 66 ± 4 65 ± 6 0.426
DT 217.29 ± 56.37 196.67 ± 43.63 214.3 ± 59.54 239.7 ± 50.12 <0.001
LAD 36.17 ± 4.81 33.67 ± 4.07 35.7 ± 4.45 39.14 ± 4.75 <0.001
LVMI 112.77 ± 35.91 98.51 ± 28.23 108.46 ± 35.72 133.71 ± 33 <0.001
DHF (yes, %) 137(52.5%) 10(20.80%) 78(52.3%) 49(76.6%) <0.001
Past medical history (yes, %)
CAD 79(30.3%) 6(12.5%) 41(27.5%) 32(50%) <0.001
HT 155(59.4%) 0(0.0%) 95(63.8%) 60(93.8%) <0.001
DM 102(39.1%) 0(0.0%) 58(38.9%) 44(68.8%) <0.001
Smoking 75(28.7%) 14(29.2%) 49(32.9%) 12(18.8%) 0.106
Medical therapy (yes, %)
Anti-hypertension 140(53.6%) 0(0.0%) 85(57%) 55(85.9%) <0.001
Hypoglycaemic 78(29.9%) 0(0.0%) 45(30.2%) 33(51.6%) <0.001
Anti-lipids 69(26.4%) 5(10.41%) 41(27.5%) 23(35.9%) 0.009
  1. Note: BMI Body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, MetS metabolic syndrome, HT Hypertension, DM Diabetes, FPG fasting plasma glucose, PBG plasma blood glucose, HbA1c glycated hemoglobin, TC serum total cholesterol, HDL high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, TG triglyceride, UA uric acid, LDL low density lipoprotein cholesterol, Ccr creatinine clearance rate, Cr creatinine, LVMI left ventricular mass index, LAD left atrial diameter, DT deceleration time, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction.