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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the subjects

From: Low serum adiponectin concentrations are associated with insulin sensitivity independent of obesity in Sudanese subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Characteristics Type 2 diabetes Controls
No. of subjects 104 75
Males/Females 45/59 34/41
Age (yrs) 53.8 ±10.7 53.4 ±8.9 (P = 0.83)
BMI (kg/m2) 23.5 ± 5.3 24.0 ±3.7 (P = 0.59)
Diabetes duration (yrs) 9.9 ± 7.9 -
Systolic BP (mmHg) 117 ±14 119 ±16.0 (P = 0.22)
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 79 ± 8 80 ± 10 (P = 0.71)
Adiponectin (μg/ml) 7.54 ± 4.62 9.56 ± 5.92 (P = 0.0017)
Gherlin (μg/ml) 26.78 ± 18.91 26.64 ± 8.78 (P = 0.99)
Leptin (ng/mL) 9.6 ± 7.9 14.9 ± 11.6 (P = 0.0066)
Glucose (mmol/L) 8.6 ± 4.4 4.2 ± 0.9 (P = 0.0001)
Insulin (pmol/L) 75 ± 47.0 67.6 ± 23.2 (P = 0.99)
Proinsulin (pmol/L) 26.3 ± 21.7 17.8 ± 12.8 (P = 0.0031)
PI/insulin ratio 0.38 ± 0.30 0.24. ± 0.12 (P = 0.0003)
HOMA IR 6.15 ± 0.92 5.58 ± 0.40 (P = 0.0001)
HOMA B 2.82 ± 1.26 4.62 ± 0.90 (P = 0.0001)
  1. Mean ± SD Abbreviations: BP, blood pressure; PI, proinsulin.