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Table 3 Physiological parameters of the studied groups

From: Signaling mechanisms of a water soluble curcumin derivative in experimental type 1 diabetes with cardiomyopathy

  Control (n = 6) Control + NCD (n = 6) Diabetic (n = 6) Diabetic + NCD (n = 6) Diabetic + pure curcumin (n = 6) Diabetic + ZnPP (n = 6) Diabetic + ZnPP + NCD (n = 6)
Heart rate (beats/min) 166(a) ± 7 173(a) ± 6 122(b) ± 5 149©(d) ± 9 139(d) ± 6 118(e)(b) ± 6 140(f)(d) ± 5
Systolic Blood pressure (mmHg) 118(a) ± 8 121(a) ± 8 145(b) ± 7 128(a)(d) ± 8 130(a)(d) ± 7 147(e)(b) ± 6 130(a)(f)(d) ± 05
LVDP (mmHg) 92(a) ± 5.3 93.3(a) ± 4.7 59(b) ± 6.0 75©(d) ± 4.5 70.6(d) ± 5.3 57(e)(b) ± 4.6 73(f)(d) ± 4.1
LV dp/dt (mmHg/sec) 139(a) ± 7.4 137.6(a) ± 7.2 101.2(b) ± 9.4 134.3(a) ± 5.2 133(a)(d) ± 5.2 94.3(b)(e) ± 8.6 128.6(a)(f) ± 8.5
  1. LV dp/dt: left ventricular delta pressure/delta time (contractility index).
  2. LVDP: Left ventricular developed pressure.
  3. Groups that have similar letters are not significant while groups having different letters differ significantly (p < 0.05).
  4. Results are presented as mean ± SD.