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Table 2 Clinical and demographic data of the studied patients (1,079 patients)

From: Assessment of psychosocial variables by parents of youth with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Variable  
Age, years 11.4 ± 3.9
Ethnicity, n (%)  
Caucasian 566 (52.5%)
Non-Caucasian* 513 (47.5%)
Gender, Female n (%) 573 (53.1%)
Age at diagnosis, years 6.9 ± 3.9
Age at diagnosis, years n (%)  
0-4.9 353 (32.7%)
5-9.9 412 (38.2%)
10-14.9 282 (26.1%)
15 or more 32 (3.0%)
HbA1c (%) 9.2 ± 2.3%
Duration of diabetes, years 4.5 ± 3.5
Levels of care, n (%)  
Secondary 373 (34.6%)
Tertiary 706 (65.4%)
Medical follow-up at the participating center,y 3.6 ± 3.0
Diabetes treatment, n (%)  
Insulin  
Intermediate or long-acting 170 (15.8%)
Intermediate or long-acting plus short acting 904 (83.8%)
Insulin Pump 5 (0.4%)
Long-acting shots ≥ 3/day, n (%) 439 (40.7%)
Short-acting shots ≥ 3 /day, n (%) 591 (54.8%)
SMBG, n (%) 1,015 (94.1%)
SMBG/day 3.4 ± 1.6
Hypoglycemia, n (%) 610 (56.5%)
Hospitalization, n (%) ** 190 (17.9%)
Clinical visits last year 4.3 ± 1.7
  1. Data are presented as means, SD and n (%); SMBG; self-monitoring of blood glucose;
  2. * African-Brazilians, Mulattos, Asians, Native Indians.
  3. **Hospitalization by hyperglycemia with or without ketoacidosis.