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Table 2 Correlation between insulin sensitivity and adipose cell size with phenotype

From: Adipose tissue dysregulation and reduced insulin sensitivity in non-obese individuals with enlarged abdominal adipose cells

  Insulin sensitivity Adipocyte cell size
All Men Women All Men Women
R-value P-value (P corr ) R-value P-value (P corr ) R-value P-value (P corr ) R-value P-value (P corr ) R-value P-value (P corr ) R-value P-value (P corr )
BMI −0.05 0.79 (0.98) −0.06 0.88 (1) 0.07 0.77 (1) 0.53 0.002 (0.022) 0.70 0.025 (0.25) 0.43 0.046 (0.30)
WHR −0.49 0.004 (0.044) −0.36 0.31 (1) −0.49 0.02 (0.22) 0.36 0.041 (0.25) 0.54 0.11 (0.77) 0.47 0.026 (0.26)
Glucose −0.13 0.49 (0.98) −0.55 0.10 (1) 0.16 0.47 (1) 0.30 0.092 (0.28) 0.48 0.16 (0.84) 0.21 0.36 (0.72)
Insulin −0.34 0.055 (0.22) −0.66 0.037 (0.44) −0.21 0.36 (1) 0.52 0.002 (0.022) 0.64 0.045 (0.41) 0.49 0.028 (0.26)
HbA1c −0.24 0.18 (0.18) −0.44 0.21 (1) −0.11 0.63 (1) 0.28 0.13 (0.28) 0.43 0.21 (0.84) 0.21 0.34 (0.72)
GIR - - −0.40 0.022 (0.18) −0.40 0.26 (0.84) −0.44 0.043 (0.30)
s-triglycerides −0.39 0.028 (0.14) −0.39 0.26 (1) −0.36 0.10 (0.50) 0.51 0.003 (0.027) 0.73 0.018 (0.22) 0.41 0.061 (0.30)
s-HDL 0.43 0.019 (0.13) −0.04 0.92 (1) 0.57 0.009 (0.11) −0.31 0.10 (0.28) 0.14 0.71 (0.84) −0.59 0.006 (0.072)
s-Adiponectin 0.46 0.009 (0.081) 0.37 0.29 (1) 0.42 0.05 (0.31) −0.54 0.001 (0.012) −0.71 0.022 (0.24) −0.55 0.008 (0.088)
s-RBP4 −0.61 0.003 (0.036) −0.43 0.26 (1) −0.59 0.034 (0.31) 0.41 0.059 (0.26) 0.53 0.14 (0.84) 0.40 0.18 (0.72)
GLUT4 mRNA 0.49 0.011 (0.088) 0.18 0.62 (1) 0.49 0.02 (0.22) −0.40 0.023 (0.18) −0.44 0.21 (0.84) −0.45 0.034 (0.27)
GLUT4 protein 0.51 0.004 (0.044) 0.57 0.11 (1) 0.45 0.034 (0.31) −0.35 0.051 (0.26 −0.59 0.095 (0.76) −0.27 0.23 (0.72)
Adipose cell size −0.40 0.022 (0.13) −0.40 0.26 (1) −0.44 0.043 (0.31)
  1. GIR Glucose infusion rate during the euglycemic clamp.
  2. WHR waist/hip ratio.
  3. Pcorr: P-value Bonferroni-Holm corrected.