Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Comparison of groups categorized based on the presence of elevated LDL-C levels and hypertriglyceridemia

From: Fatty liver in men is associated with high serum levels of small, dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol

Elevated LDL-C levels/hypertriglyceridemia Group A Group B Group C Group D P value
(−)/(−) (n = 216) (+)/(−) (n = 120) (−)/(+) (n = 95) (+)/(+) (n = 45)
Lipid profiles      
 TG (mg/dl) 91.1 [85.1−96.7] 98.1 [90.5−105.6] 229.3 [220.8−237.8] 219.0 [206.7−231.4] < 0.001
 HDL-C (mg/dl) 59.3 [57.6−61.1] 56.8 [54.4−59.1] 49.3 [46.7−52.0] 48.9 [45.1−52.7] < 0.001
 LDL-C (mg/dl) 114.2 [111.8−116.7] 162.5 [159.2−165.8] 112.1 [108.4−115.8] 159.1 [153.8−164.5] < 0.001
 Sd-LDL-C (mg/dl) 33.8 [31.9−35.6] 49.6 [47.2−52.1] 51.9 [49.2−54.7] 68.5 [64.5−72.5] < 0.001
 Sd-LDL-C/LDL-C 0.30 [0.28−0.31] 0.30 [0.29−0.32] 0.47 [0.45−0.48] 0.43 [0.40−0.46] < 0.001
 TC (mg/dl) 191.8 [188.7−194.8] 238.9 [234.8−243.1] 207.3 [202.7−212.0] 251.8 [245.1−258.6] < 0.001
 Apolipoprotein B (mg/dl) 82.8 [75.5−80.4] 112.6 [110.3−114.9] 99.4 [96.8−102.0] 126.3 [122.5−130.1] < 0.001
Demographics, clinical characteristics, and laboratory data
 Age (years) 57.4 [56.2−58.7] 56.1 [54.4−57.8] 54.3 [52.4−56.3] 51.5 [48.7−54.3] < 0.001
 BMI (kg/m2) 23.6 [23.2−24.0] 24.0 [23.4−24.5] 25.1 [24.5−25.7] 25.7 [24.8−26.6] < 0.001
 Obesity (% of subjects) 31.0 30.8 46.3 62.2 < 0.001
 Glucose (mg/dl) 103.8 [101.4−106.1] 105.2 [102.1−108.4] 113.5 [110.0−117.1] 111.5 [106.4−116.7] < 0.001
Hyperglycemia      
 (% of subjects) 22.7 27.5 37.9 44.4 0.004
 ALT (IU/L) 24.3 [22.0−26.6] 27.4 [24.3−30.5] 34.4 [30.9−37.9] 34.6 [29.5−39.6] < 0.001
 γ-GTP (IU/L) 35.3 [29.4−41.2] 38.6 [30.7−46.5] 70.0 [61.2−78.9] 59.6 [46.8−72.5] < 0.001
 Fatty liver (% of subjects) 25.9 43.3 61.1 53.3 < 0.001
Hypertension      
 (% of subjects) 53.7 54.2 57.9 55.6 0.919
Current alcohol consumption      
 (% of subjects) 38.4 54.2 46.3 33.3 0.153
Current smokers      
 (% of subjects) 28.7 30.0 28.4 24.4 0.919
  1. Data are expressed as means [95% CIs] or percentages. $, LDL-C levels were calculated using the Friedwald formula.
  2. Continuous variables were compared by ANOVA and categorical variables were compared by Chi-square tests.