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Table 1 Characteristics of the study subjects

From: Fatty liver in men is associated with high serum levels of small, dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol

  Overall Fatty liver (−) Fatty liver (+) P values
  (476) (286) (190) Fatty liver (−) vs.(+)
Age (years) 55.9 [55.1−56.8] 57.8 [56.5−58.9] 53.2 [51.9−54.4] < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 24.2 [23.9−24.5] 23.1 [22.7−23.4] 25.9 [25.5−26.3] < 0.001
Obesity (% of subjects) 37.0 23.8 56.8 < 0.001
Blood glucose (g/dl) 106.8 [105.2−108.4] 104.5 [102.4−106.5] 110.2 [107.7−112.8] < 0.001
Hyperglycemia (% of subjects) 29.0 24.5 35.8 0.008
TG (mg/dl) 132.5 [125.9−139.2] 112.6 [104.5−120.7] 162.6 [152.7−172.5] <0.001
HDL-C (mg/dl) 55.7 [54.5−56.9] 58.0 [56.4−59.6] 52.2 [50.5−53.9] < 0.001
LDL-C$ (mg/dl) 130.2 [127.6−132.9] 127.4 [124.1−130.7] 134.5 [130.1−138.8] 0.010
TC (mg/dl) 212.4 [209.5−215.3] 208.0 [204.3−211.7] 219.1 [214.4−223.9] < 0.001
sd-LDL-C (mg/dl) 44.6 [43.1−46.2] 40.8 [38.9-42.8] 50.5 [48.0-53.0] < 0.001
Apolipoprotein B (mg/dl) 97.8 [96.−99.6] 93.2 [91.0−95.4] 104.6 [101.9−107.3] < 0.001
ALT (IU/L) 28.1 [26.4−29.7] 22.7 [20.8−24.6] 36.1 [33.7−38.5] < 0.001
γ-GTP (IU/L) 45.4 [41.2−49.5] 36.9 [31.7−42.1] 58.0 [51.6−64.4] < 0.001
Hypertension (% of subjects) 54.8 52.5 58.4 0.200
Current alcohol consumption (%) 37.8 40.2 34.2 0.186
Smoking status (% of subjects) (never/former/current) 31.5/39.9/28.6 31.8/39.5/28.7 31.1/40.5/28.4 0.974
  1. Data are expressed as means [95% CIs] or percentages.
  2. $, LDL-C levels were calculated using the Friedwald formula.
  3. Continuous variables were compared by t-test and categorical variables were compared by Chi-square test.