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Table 3 Circulating cytokine, adipokine and acute phase reactant concentrations

From: Preliminary evidence for obesity-associated insulin resistance in adolescents without elevations of inflammatory cytokines

  Lean Obese p-value
TNFα (pg/ml) 3.4 ± 2.1 3.5 ± 2.0 0.900
IL-6 (pg/ml) 8.1 ± 6.8 9.3 ± 8.4 0.588
IFN-γ (pg/ml) 14.1 ± 12.8 11.4 ± 8.0 0.321
IL-4 (pg/ml) 77.4 ± 54.8 79.5 ± 49.1 0.877
IL-10 (pg/ml) 22.5 ± 21.4 26.3 ± 46.3 0.715
Leptin (ng/ml) 10.9 ± 11.1 38.1 ± 25.6 0.000**
Adiponectin (ng/ml) 766.8 ± 165.9 112.0 ± 233.1 0.652
Resistin (pg/ml) 102.8 ± 65.3 119.2 ± 117.3 0.538
Acute phase reactants    
CRP (mg/L) 0.5 ± 0.4 3.3 ± 2.2 0.000**
Fibrinogen (mg/L) 278.2 ± 33.3 327.9 ± 54.4 0.000**
  1. **denotes a p-value of ≤0.010.
  2. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF); interferon (IFN); interleukin (IL); C-reactive protein (CRP).