Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Mean weight and lipids in 48 patients with type 1 diabetes before and after 4 years of carbohydrate reduction

From: Low carbohydrate diet in type 1 diabetes, long-term improvement and adherence: A clinical audit

  Start 3 months P(1) 4 years P(2)
Weight(kg) 77.6 ± 15 74.9 ± 13.9 <0.001 76.7 ± 14.6 0.18
BMI (Kg/m2) 25.9 ± 3.5 25.0 ± 3.4 <0.001 25.7 ± 3.8 0.22
Tot-cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.4 ± 1 5.6 ± 1.0 0.2 5.6 ± 0.9 0.44
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.5 ± 0.4 1.6 ± 0.5 0.03 1.7 ± 0.4 <0.001
Triacylglycerol(TAG)(mmol/l) 0.9 ± 0.8 0.8 ± 0.5 0.04 0.9 ± 0.4 0.73
Ratio Chol/HDL 3.9 ± 1.2 3.5 ± 1.4 0.11 3.5 ± 1.0 <0.001
Ratio TAG/HDL 0.8 ± 1.2 0.6 ± 0.9 <0.001 0.6 ± 0.5 0.08
  1. P(1) the p-value is for the difference between start and 3 months. P2) the p value is for the difference between start and 4 years. TAG: triacylglycerols; HDL: HDL-cholesterol; Chol: cholesterol.
  2. The carbohydrates amount was reduced to 75 g/day or lower according to the patient’s own preferences. The insulin doses reduced according to the quantity of carbohydrates.