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Table 4 Prevalence (%), crude and adjusted prevalence ratios of metabolic syndrome among female adults aged 18 years or older a, by selected sociodemographic, behavioral, nutritional and health status variables (Federal District, Brazil, 2007)

From: Metabolic syndrome in central Brazil: prevalence and correlates in the adult population

  Prevalence (95%CI) Prevalence ratio (95%CI)
   Crude Adjustedb Adjustedc
Age (years)
  18–24 10.3 (3.7 – 17.0) 1 1 1
  25–34 21.3 (16.0 – 26.5) 2.06 (1.13 – 3.74) 2.06 (1.13 – 3.74) 1.67 (0.98 – 2.83)
  35–44 37.4 (31.6 – 43.2) 3.62 (2.04 – 6.44) 3.62 (2.04 – 6.44) 2.18 (1.31 – 3.66)
  45–54 56.0 (47.2 – 64.9) 5.42 (3.08 – 9.55) 5.42 (3.08 – 9.55) 2.72 (1.61 – 4.60)
  55–64 67.9 (59.7 – 76.1) 6.57 (3.74 – 11.55) 6.57 (3.74 – 11.55) 2.88 (1.69 – 4.90)
  ≥ 65 77.0 (68.4 – 85.5) 7.45 (4.23 – 13.11) 7.45 (4.23 – 13.11) 3.31 (1.90 – 5.75)
Education (years)
  0–8 43.5 (37.2 – 49.7) 1 1 1
  9–11 24.7 (20.5 – 29.0) 0.57 (0.46 – 0.70) 0.78 (0.64 – 0.96) 0.87 (0.73 – 1.04)
  ≥ 12 20.5 (14.4 – 26.6) 0.47 (0.33 – 0.67) 0.51 (0.37 – 0.70) 0.66 (0.49 – 0.89)
Residence time in Federal District (years)
  < 10 21.9 (14.7 – 29.1) 1 1  
  10–19 28.8 (23.1 – 34.5) 1.31 (0.93 – 1.85) 1.14 (0.83 – 1.57)  
  20–29 28.8 (23.1 – 34.5) 1.31 (0.93 – 1.85) 1.14 (0.83 – 1.57)  
  ≥30 49.7 (43.8 – 55.7) 2.27 (1.70 – 3.03) 1.10 (0.82 – 1.47)  
Marital status
  Single 20.3 (15.5 – 25.2) 1 1 1
  Married/living with partner 34.8 (30.0 – 39.6) 1.71 (1.32 – 2.22) 1.22 (0.95 – 1.57) 0.95 (0.77 – 1.17)
  Widowed/separated 58.3 (50.4 – 66.1) 2.87 (2.20 – 3.74) 1.28 (0.99 – 1.66) 1.03 (0.83 – 1.29)
Extra table salt
  No 35.0 (30.8 – 39.2) 1 1  
  Yes 28.0 (20.7 – 35.3) 0.80 (0.64 – 1.00) 0.92 (0.75 – 1.12)  
Alcohol consumptiong
  Never 36.8 (32.7 – 40.8) 1 1 1
  No abusive 23.8 (15.8 – 31.9) 0.65 (0.49 – 0.86) 0.74 (0.55 – 0.99) 0.90 (0.69 – 1.17)
  Abusive 21.7 (10.4 – 33.0) 0.59 (0.36 – 0.97) 0.75 (0.50 – 1.13)e 0.71 (0.48 – 1.04)
Smoking
  Never 29.4 (25.7 – 33.1) 1 1  
  Former smokers 55.0 (45.0 – 65.0) 1.87 (1.54 – 2.28) 1.41 (1.18 – 1.67)  
  Current smokers 34.2 (23.7 – 44.7) 1.16 (0.88 – 1.53) 1.12 (0.86 – 1.46)  
Body mass index (kg/m2)
  Normal (<25) 8.4 (6.1 – 10.6) 1 1 1
  Overweight(25–29) 45.5 (38.3 – 52.8) 5.45 (4.13 – 7.20) 4.29 (3.21 – 5.75) 4.09 (3.07 – 5.46)
  Obese (≥30) 78.1 (72.6 – 83.5) 9.34 (7.20 – 12.1) 7.04 (5.32 – 9.31) 6.78 (5.15 – 8.92)
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)
  <200 25.5 (20.7 – 30.3) 1 1 1
  ≥200 46.1 (40.7 – 51.6) 1.81 (1.52 – 2.16) 1.21 (1.02 – 1.43) 1.20 (1.05 – 1.36)
LDLc (mg/dL)
  <130 28.1 (23.7 – 32.5) 1 1  
  130–159 36.3 (30.2 – 42.4) 1.29 (1.05 – 1.58) 0.99 (0.82 – 1.19)  
  ≥160 52.3 (43.9 – 60.7) 1.86 (1.49 – 2.33) 1.09 (0.90 – 1.32)  
  1. a Weighted to represent distributions of population aged 18 years or older, according to gender, age and education based on Brazilian national census for the year 2000.
  2. b Adjusted for age.
  3. c Adjusted for age, education, marital status, alcohol consumption, body mass index and total cholesterol.