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Table 3 Prevalence (%), crude and adjusted prevalence ratios of metabolic syndrome among male adults aged 18 years or older a, by selected sociodemographic, behavioral, nutritional and health status variables (Federal District, Brazil, 2007)

From: Metabolic syndrome in central Brazil: prevalence and correlates in the adult population

  Prevalence (95%CI) Prevalence ratio (95%CI)
   Crude Adjustedb Adjustedc
Age (years)
  18–24 7.3 (0.0 – 14.8) 1 1 1
  25–34 24.4 (16.0 – 32.7) 3.35 (1.27 – 8.88) 3.35 (1.27 – 8.88) 2.47 (1.15 – 5.33)
  35–44 35.4 (26.3 – 44.4) 4.87 (1.94 – 12.2) 4.87 (1.94 – 12.2) 3.06 (1.44 – 6.51)
  45–54 55.3 (44.2 – 66.4) 7.60 (3.08 – 18.7) 7.60 (3.08 – 18.7) 3.70 (1.73 – 7.87)
  55–64 65.1 (50.5 – 79.7) 8.95 (3.64 – 22.0) 8.95 (3.64 – 22.0) 4.17 (1.96 – 8.86)
  ≥ 65 57.4 (41.7 – 73.1) 7.89 (3.14 – 19.8) 7.89 (3.14 – 19.8) 4.25 (1.97 – 9.17)
Residence time in Federal District (years)
  < 10 20.8 (9.9 – 31.8) 1 1  
  10–19 24.8 (15.8 – 33.8) 1.19 (0.63 – 2.25) 1.17 (0.65 – 2.10)  
  20–29 26.6 (16.6 – 36.6) 1.28 (0.70 – 2.33) 1.17 (0.68 – 2.00)  
  ≥30 45.5 (38.6 – 52.4) 2.19 (1.30 – 3.67) 1.16 (0.70 – 1.94)  
Marital status
  Single 14.8 (8.7 – 20.9) 1 1  
  Married/living with partner 41.4 (35.0 – 47.7) 2.79 (1.74 – 4.47) 1.36 (0.78 – 2.35)  
  Widowed/separated 43.4 (16.4 – 70.4) 2.93 (1.47 – 5.84) 1.21 (0.62 – 2.37)  
Current physical activity level
  Active 26.3 (20.5 – 32.2) 1 1  
  Insufficiently active 35.6 (22.2 – 49.0) 1.35 (0.90 – 2.03) 1.24 (0.86 – 1.79)  
  Inactive 41.8 (29.9 – 53.6) 1.58 (1.13 – 2.22) 1.23 (0.92 – 1.63)  
Body mass index (kg/m2)
  Normal (<25) 6.4 (3.3 – 9.4) 1 1 1
  Overweight(25–29) 38.4 (31.8 – 44.9) 6.03 (3.52 – 10.3) 4.52 (2.64 – 7.74) 4.40 (2.57 – 7.55)
  Obese (≥30) 84.9 (73.7 – 96.1) 13.3 (8.05 – 22.1) 9.99 (5.92 – 16.9) 9.77 (5.79 – 16.5)
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)
  <200 23.4 (17.2 – 29.6) 1 1 1
  ≥200 42.9 (34.6 – 51.1) 1.83 (1.32 – 2.54) 1.43 (1.08 – 1.91) 1.14 (0.91 – 1.42)
  1. a Weighted to represent distributions of population aged 18 years or older, according to gender, age and education based on Brazilian national census for the year 2000.
  2. b Adjusted for age.
  3. c Adjusted for age, body mass index and total cholesterol.