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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population

From: Microalbuminuria in relation to the metabolic syndrome and its components in a Chinese population

Characteristic Men (n = 412) Women (n = 667) P value
Demography    
   Age, years 57.0 ± 12.7 55.0 ± 12.9 0.01
   Body mass index, kg/m2 24.2 ± 3.5 23.7 ± 3.2 0.02
   Waist-to-hip ratio 0.89 ± 0.06 0.86 ± 0.32 0.04
Blood pressure, mm Hg    
   Systolic 125.9 ± 17.5 124.7 ± 19.4 0.28
   Diastolic 78.8 ± 9.6 75.4 ± 9.1 <0.0001
Pulse rate, beats/minute 68.1 ± 8.9 68.7 ± 8.0 0.29
Take antihypertensive drugs, n (%) 139 (33.8) 192 (28.8) 0.09
Hypertension, n (%)a 179 (43.6) 231 (34.7) 0.004
Diabetes mellitus, n (%)a 28 (6.8) 38 (5.7) 0.41
Biochemical measurements    
   Plasma fasting glucose, mmol/L 4.50 ± 1.55 4.57 ± 1.19 0.42
   Serum total cholesterol, mmol/L 4.73 ± 0.87 4.74 ± 0.91 0.90
   Serum HDL cholesterol, mmol/L 1.62 ± 0.45 1.81 ± 0.41 <0.0001
   Serum triglycerides, mmol/L 1.53 (1.44-1.63) 1.27 (1.22-1.33) <0.0001
Microalbuminuria, n (%)a 14 (3.4) 32 (4.8) 0.26
Metabolic syndrome, n (%)a 60 (14.6) 107 (16.0) 0.52
  1. Values are mean ± SD, geometric means (95% confidence interval), or the numbers of subjects (%).
  2. HDL, high density lipoprotein.
  3. aFor definitions of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, microalbuminuria and the metabolic syndrome, see Methods.