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Table 2 The electrochemical conductance and the EZSCAN diabetes index in diabetic and non-diabetic subjects

From: Accuracy of a Novel Non-Invasive technology based EZSCAN system for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus in Chinese

  Diabetic patients* (n = 75) Non-diabetic subjects (n = 120) Relative difference (95% confidence interval) P value
Electrochemical conductance, μSi     
   Feet 50.9 ± 21.9 69.1 ± 16.8 -26.3% (-18.4--34.3%) < 0.0001
   Hands 43.7 ± 20.4 61.2 ± 15.5 -28.6% (-20.3--36.9%) < 0.0001
   Forehead 15.1 ± 17.8 17.4 ± 18.8 -13.2% (-44.3-17.8%) 0.39
   Overall 36.6 ± 15.8 49.2 ± 11.8 -25.8% (-17.7--33.7%) < 0.0001
EZSCAN diabetes index (0-100)     
   Mean ± SD 66.6 ± 25.8 34.6 ± 27.9 92.5% (70.0-115.6%) < 0.0001
   Median (inter-quartile range) 68 (48) 29 (47) - < 0.0001
  1. Values are mean ± standard deviation, unless otherwise indicated.
  2. *Diabetes mellitus was defined as a plasma glucose of at least 7.0 mmol/L fasting or 11.1 mmol/L at 2-hour post-load, or as the use of antidiabetic agents.