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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the patients with type 1 diabetes

From: Progression to microalbuminuria in patients with type 1 diabetes: a seven-year prospective study

  Total Microalbuminuric group Normoalbuminuric group
N 122 50 72
Gender (Male) 59(48.4) 21 (42.0) 38 (52,8)
Age (years) 17 (12.0-25.2) 20 (14-26) 14 (9-21)
Age at diagnosis (years) 12 (7.0-9.0) 14 (9-23) 11 (6-18)
Duration of diabetes (years) 3 (1.0-5.6) 4.0 (2.0-8.3) 2.0 (1.0-4.5)
Insulin dose (IU/Kg/day) 0.7 (0.46-0.99) 0.73 (0.59-1.12) 0.63 (0.44-0.98)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 103 (97-110) 103 (100-110) 104 (97-110)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 68 (60-73) 69 (61-73) 68 (60-73)
Fasting plasma glycemia (mg/dl) 150 (110-233) 163 (123-253) 147 (108-224)
Two-hour post-prandial glycemia (mg/dl) 221 (148-312) 229 (148-345) 214 (149-306)
A1c (%) 7.2 (6.5-8.11) 7.0 (6.5-7.9) 7.3 (6.6-8.5)
Total cholesterol level (mg/dl) 158 (140-191) 164 (143-197) 157 (138-183)
Trygliceride level (mg/dl) 60 (46-81) 68 (50-97) 55 (44-73)
HDL cholesterol level (mg/dl) 49 (41-57) 49 (42-56) 48 (39-63)
LDL cholesterol level (mg/dl) 105 (86-137) 113 (92-14) 101 (83-121)
Cholesterol/HDL ratio 3.3 (2.7-4.1) 3.4 (2.8-4.2) 3.2 (2.6-4.0)
LDL/HDL ratio 2.3 (1.6-3.1) 2.5 (1.8-3.4) 2.0 (1.5-2.9)
Plasma creatinine level (mg/dl) 0.65(0.6-0.8) 0.7 (0.6-0.9) 0.6 (0.6-0.8)
Albumin excretion rate (μg/min) 7.0 (4.3-10.2) 7.4 (5.1-11.5) 6.8 (4.1-10.0)
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 20 (18-22) 20.7 (18.9 22.7) 19.2 (17.1-21)
Overweight or obese 22 (18) 8 (16.0) 14 (19.4)
Presence of retinopathy * 6(5) 2 (4.1) 4 (5.6)
Family history of type 2 diabetes** 24(22) 13 (28,3) 11 (16,4)
  1. Continuous variables are presented as median (interquartile range), and categorical variables are presented as n (%).A1c, glycated hemoglobin; BMI, body mass index; HDL, high density lipoprotein; LDL, low density lipoprotein * 2 evaluations are missing ** Data from 8 subjects are missing