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Table 2 Biochemical measurements evaluated at day 21 of pregnancy from different experimental groups.

From: Effects of exposure to cigarette smoke prior to pregnancy in diabetic rats

Variables Groups
  ND (n = 15) D (n = 15) DS (n = 15) DSPP (n = 17)
HDL-c (mg/dL) a 32.21 ± 7.88 43.84 ± 4.71 94.86 ± 9.31*# 66.10 ± 7.65
VLDL-c (mg/dL) a 66.23 ± 5.35 304.63 ± 33.24* 206.91 ± 23.63* 170.90 ± 27.79#
Triglycerides (mg/dL) a 331.16 ± 26.81 1523.16 ± 166.22* 1034.53 ± 118.16* 854.61 ± 138.97#
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) a 118.15 ± 5.97 287.57 ± 38.01* 226.60 ± 21.99 238.22 ± 33.65
Total protein (g/dL) a 6.73 ± 0.7714 7.30 ± 0.53 5.60 ± 0.56 7.08 ± 0.80
MDA (nM/g Hb) a 49.85 ± 4.18 686.84 ± 298.35* 451.14 ± 119.61* 696.03 ± 86.37*
SOD (U/mg Hb) a 1.78 ± 0.30 11.64 ± 4.23 17.48 ± 2.59* 22.19 ± 1.44*#
GSH-Px (U/mg Hb)b 0.08 ± 0.03 0.35 ± 0.15 1.83 ± 0.53*# 1.60 ± 0.15*
Thiol groups (μM/g Hb) b 1.19 ± 0.47 3.81 ± 0.95 5.52 ± 0.44 24.54 ± 5.23*#$
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± standard error of mean (SEM).
  2. ND = nondiabetic rats exposed to filtered air, D = diabetic rats exposed to filtered air; DS = diabetic rats exposed to cigarette smoke prior to and during pregnancy; DSPP = diabetic rats only exposed to cigarette smoke prior to pregnancy.
  3. *p < 0.05 - significant statistically difference as compared to ND group; #p < 0.05 - significant statistically difference as compared to D group; $p < 0.05 - significant statistically difference as compared to DS group. aNormal distribution (Tukey Multiple Comparison test) and bGamma distribution.