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Table 7 Multiple logistic model for risk factors for microangiopathies

From: Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and its influence on microvascular complications in the Indian population with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Sankara Nethralaya Diabetic Retinopathy Epidemiology And Molecular Genetic Study (SN-DREAMS, report 14)

  Overall Men Women
Independent variables OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) * p OR (95% CI) p
Retinopathy       
Glycosylated Hemoglobin 1.16 (1.07-1.26) < 0.0001 1.14 (1.02-1.28) 0.020 1.19 (1.07-1.34) 0.002
Duration of Diabetes 1.13 (1.09-1.16) < 0.0001 1.13 (1.08-1.17) < 0.0001 1.13 (1.08-1.18) < 0.0001
Hypertension 1.18 (0.80-1.77) 0.392 1.09 (0.65-1.82) 0.746 1.41 (0.74-2.69) 0.297
Elevated serum Triglyceride 1.01 (0.99-1.00) 0.560 1.00 (0.99-1.00) 0.256 1.00 (0.99-1.00) 0.857
Reduced serum HDL-Cholesterol 1.01 (0.99-1.03) 0.254 1.03 (1.00-1.06) 0.038 0.99 (0.97-1.02) 0.618
Increased Waist circumference 0.98 (0.96-1.01) 0.188 0.96 (0.93-0.99) 0.037 1.01 (0.98-1.04) 0.663
Nephropathy       
Glycosylated Hemoglobin 1.24 (1.15-1.34) < 0.0001 1.19 (1.07-1.34) 0.002 1.27 (1.15-1.39) < 0.0001
Duration of Diabetes 1.04 (1.01-1.07) 0.008 1.04 (1.00-1.08) 0.052 1.04 (0.99-1.08) 0.076
Hypertension 1.80 (1.20-2.70) 0.004 1.50 (0.86-2.63) 0.155 2.17 (1.19-3.93) 0.011
Elevated serum Triglyceride 1.00 (0.99-1.00) 0.976 0.99 (0.99-1.00) 0.661 1.00 (0.99-1.00) 0.473
Reduced serum HDL-Cholesterol 0.99 (0.98-1.02) 0.857 1.01 (0.98-1.04) 0.612 0.99 (0.97-1.01) 0.450
Increased Waist circumference 1.02 (1.00-1.04) 0.055 1.03 (0.99-1.07) 0.064 1.01 (0.99-1.04) 0.289
Neuropathy       
Glycosylated Hemoglobin 1.05 (0.97-1.14) 0.192 1.08 (0.96-1.21) 0.198 1.03 (0.92-1.15) 0.596
Duration of Diabetes 1.02 (0.99-1.05) 0.181 1.01 (0.97-1.05) 0.653 1.03 (0.98-1.07) 0.215
Hypertension 1.19 (0.80-1.76) 0.384 0.87 (0.51-1.48) 0.607 1.83 (0.98-3.44) 0.059
Elevated serum Triglyceride 1.00 (0.99-1.00) 0.381 1.00 (0.99-1.00) 0.313 1.00 (0.99-1.00) 0.496
Reduced serum HDL-Cholesterol 1.03 (1.01-1.05) 0.001 1.06 (1.03-1.09) < 0.0001 1.00 (0.98-1.03) 0.806
Increased Waist circumference 1.02 (1.00-1.04) 0.043 1.01 (0.97-1.04) 0.640 1.03 (1.00-1.06) 0.027
  1. * All factors adjusted with age, gender, glycosylated hemoglobin, hemoglobin, socioeconomic status, smoking status and alcohol status
  2. All factors adjusted with age, glycosylated hemoglobin, hemoglobin, socioeconomic status, smoking status and alcohol status