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Table 1 Laboratory data before, during and after treatment of DKA

From: Symptomatic cerebral oedema during treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis: effect of adjuvant octreotide infusion

Blood chemistry Time (h) after admission
  0 10 24 44
Glucose (mg/dl) 1392 549 214 114
PH 7.07 7.39 7.33 7.35
HCO3 (mmol/l) 9.2 22.5 20.3 21.7
Base excess (mmol/l) -19.7 -2.8 -4.9 -3.1
Na+ (mmol/l) 143 162 154 158
K+ (mmol/l) 5.8 4.9 5.6 3.5
Osmolality (mosmol/kg) 444 380 n.a* 342
Creatinine (mg/dl) 3.75 1.86 1.66 1.24
Haematocrit (%) 54 45 44 40
Lactate (mmol/l) 3.2 1.5 1.3 1.1
GH (ng/ml) 7.5 n.a* 2.0 < 0.16
IGF-1 (ng/ml) < 10 n.a* 23 < 10
*not analysed     
  1. Reference values for a 10 year old male child
  2. Fasting blood glucose: 60-110 mg/dl;
  3. arterial pH 7.4;
  4. arterial HCO3 31 mmol/l;
  5. arterial base excess +5 mmol/l;
  6. arterial serum lactate 1.0-1.6 mmol/l;
  7. venous serum natrium 130-145 mmol/l;
  8. venous serum potassium 3.2-5.4 mmol/l;
  9. venous serum osmolality 280-296 mosmol/kg;
  10. venous serum creatinine < 0.9 mg/dl;
  11. venous blood haematocrit 34-46%;
  12. venous serum random GH < 4 ng/ml;
  13. venous serum IGF-1: 159-300 ng/ml.