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Table 1 Classification of metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents [3]

From: Metabolic syndrome, dyslipidemia, hypertension and type 2 diabetes in youth: from diagnosis to treatment

Criteria/components Age
  6 to < 10 years-old 10 to 16 years-old > 16 years-old
Adiposity definition WC ≥ 90th percentile WC ≥ 90th percentile WC ≥ 90 cm (boys) or ≥ 80 cm (girls)
Glucose metabolism Without cut-off definition for MS diagnosis Fasting blood glucose ≥ 100 mg/dl Fasting blood glucose ≥ 100 mg/dl
Dyslipidemia Without cut-off definition for MS diagnosis Tg ≥ 150 mg/dl or HDL-ch ≥ 40 mg/dl or taking LLD Tg ≥ 150 mg/dl or HDL-ch ≥ 40 (boys) or ≥ 50 mg/dl (girls) or taking LLD
Arterial hypertension Without cut-off definition for MS diagnosis DBP ≥ 130 or SBP ≥ 85 mmHg or taking AHD DBP ≥ 130 or SBP ≥ 85 mmHg or taking AHD
  1. WC: waist circumference; MS: metabolic syndrome; Tg: triglyceride levels; HDL-ch: HDL-cholesterol levels; LLD: lipid-lowering drug; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; SBP: systolic blood pressure; AHD: antihypertensive drug.