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Table 3 Biochemical characteristics of the population study according to the presence or absence of MS.

From: Obesity and metabolic syndrome in 7-9 years-old Portuguese schoolchildren

  Without MS (n= 69) With MS (n= 13) p
Glucose (mg/dl) 81.8 ± 6.6 82.9 ± 7.4 0.580a
Insulin (μUI/ml) 8.1 ± 3.6 11.3 ± 6.3 0.037b
C-Peptide (ng/ml) 0.9 ± 0.5 1.2 ± 0.5 0.044b
HOMA-IR 1.64 ± 0.77 2.31 ± 1.25 0.028b
T-chol (mg/dl) 167.6 ± 25.5 179.2 ± 33.9 0.156a
HDL (mg/dl) 51.9 ± 8.9 40.4 ± 8.4 < 0.001a
LDL (mg/dl) 104.5 ± 21.5 119.7 ± 28.3 0.030a
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 63.4 ± 19.2 153.7 ± 74.7 < 0.001b
VLDL (mg/dl) 12.7 ± 3.8 30.7 ± 14.9 < 0.001b
T-chol/HDL 3.27 ± 0.50 4.54 ± 0.98 < 0.001b
Apolipoprotein A-I (mg/dl) 126.2 ± 14.9 114.1 ± 14.7 0.008a
Apolipoprotein B (mg/dl) 75.4 ± 13.8 87.7 ± 18.2 0.006a
Apolipoprotein A-I/B 1.73 ± 0.37 1.36 ± 0.37 0.001a
C-reactive protein (mg/dl) 0.38 ± 0.81 0.31 ± 0.23 0.283b
Leptin (ng/ml) 10.6 ± 5.8 15.5 ± 7.8 0.011a
Adiponectin (ng/ml) 26428.1 ± 12915.0 26136.9 ± 11291.1 0.940a
Ghrelin (pg/ml) 1051.1 ± 420.3 985.1 ± 380.7 0.600a
AST (U/L) 25.0 ± 6.3 26.8 ± 6.3 0.437b
ALT (U/L) 19.4 ± 7.2 25.2 ± 10.3 0.011b
GGT (U/L) 14.7 ± 4.1 20.6 ± 12.0 0.008b
  1. Data presented as mean ± SD.
  2. a t-student test for the differences between absence or presence of MS.
  3. b Mann-Whitney for the differences between absence or presence of MS.