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Table 3 Odds Ratios (95% Confidence Intervals) for Myocardial Infarction According to BMI & Independent of BMI.

From: Risk factors for myocardial infarction among low socioeconomic status South Indian population

Risk Factors BMI < 23 kg/m 2 BMI 23-24.9 kg/m 2 BMI ≥ 25 kg/m 2
No risk factor 0.05 (0.03-0.08) 0.01 (0.007-0.02) 0.018 (0.006-0.06)
Smoking only 1.74 (1.17-2.59)* 0.36 (0.22-0.59) 0.52 (0.17-1.55)
Hypertension only 2.94 (1.65-5.22)* 0.65 (0.33-1.28) 0.67 (0.28-1.62)
Diabetes only 4.16 (1.95-8.84)* 1.61 (1.18-2.98)* 3.35 (1.30-8.61)*
Dyslipidemia only 0.08 (0.01-0.49) 0.09 (0.03-0.29) 0.23 (0.03-1.58)
Smoking 5.67 (4.03-7.97)* 2.04 (1.44-2.89)* 9.16 (4.69-17.89)*
Hypertension 9.15 (6.09-13.73)* 2.85 (1.89-4.29)* 8.62 (5.06-14.68)*
Diabetes 14.39 (9.04-22.91)* 3.64 (2.42-5.46)* 14.33 (7.91-25.98)*
Dyslipidemia 3.88 (2.19-6.90)* 1.62 (1.05-2.59)* 5.96 (2.74-12.98)*
Risk Factors Overall (Independent of BMI)
Smoking only 0.97 (0.73-1.30)
Hypertension only 1.46 (1.11-2.15)*
Diabetes only 2.72 (1.77-4.19)*
Dyslipidemia only 0.11 (0.04-2.78)
Smoking 4.59 (3.57-5.67)*
Hypertension 9.59 (7.34-12.52)*
Diabetes 7.87 (5.95-10.41)*
Dyslipidemia 2.98 (2.13-4.97)*
  1. BMI = Body mass index, Only = Isolated without any other risk factors, * = P < 0.05, significant.