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Table 4 Metabolic Syndrome (ATP-III) with various socio-demographic factors

From: Metabolic Syndrome: a challenging health Issue in highly urbanized Union Territory of north India

Socio demographic factor Metabolic Syndrome (ATP-III) Total No. (% age) p value
  Yes No. (% age) No No. (% age)   
Gender     
Male 116 (39.5) (31.7) 198 (53.2) (68.3) 290 (47.9) (100.0) p < .001
Female 141 (44.8) (44.8) 174 (46.8) (55.2) 315 (52.1) (100.0)  
Age     
18-25 yrs 4 (1.7) (7.5) 49 (13.2) (92.5) 53 (8.8) (100.0) p < .001
26-35 yrs 25 (10.7) (21.9) 89 (23.9) (78.1) 114 (18.8) (100.0)  
36-49 yrs 87 (37.3) (38.7) 138 (37.1) (61.3) 225 (37.2) (100.0)  
50-59 yrs 48 (20.6) (52.7) 43 (11.6) (47.3) 91 (15.0) (100.0)  
60-65 yrs 38 (16.3) (57.6) 28 (7.5) (42.4) 66 (10.9) (100.0)  
>65 yrs 31 (13.3) (55.4) 25 (6.7) (44.6) 56 (9.3) (100.0)  
Mean ± SD 50.55 ± 13.24 41.51 ± 14.58 44.99 ± 14.74  
Background     
Urban 198 (85.0) (41.2) 283 (76.1) (58.8) 481 (79.5) (100.0) p = .009
Rural 22 (9.4) (34.9) 41 (11.0) (65.1) 63 (10.4) (100.0)  
Slum 13 (5.6) (21.3) 48(12.9) (78.7) 61 (10.1) (100.0)  
Socioeconomic status     
Upper-upper 9 (3.9) (64.3) 5 (1.3) (35.7) 14 (8.8) (100.0) p = .021
Upper-middle 153 (65.7) (41.6) 215 (57.8) (58.4) 368 (60.8) (100.0)  
Upper-lower 38 (16.3) (30.6) 86 (23.1) (55.6) 124 (20.5) (100.0)  
Lower 33 (14.2) (33.3) 66 (17.7) (66.7) 99 (16.4) (100.0)  
Religion     
Hindu 131 (56.2) (35.2) 241 (64.8) (64.8) 372 (61.5) (100.0) p = .100
Sikh 94 (40.3) (45.2) 114 (30.6) (54.8) 208 (34.4) (100.0)  
Muslim 6(2.6) (30.0) 14(3.8) (70.0) 20 (3.3) (100.0)  
Christian 2 (0.9) (40.0) 3 (0.8) (60.0) 5 (0.8) (100.0)  
Physical activity     
Sedentary 211 (90.6) (41.9) 293 (78.8) (58.1) 504 (83.3) (100.0) P < .001
Moderate 22 (9.4) (23.7) 71 (19.1) (76.3) 93 (15.4) (100.0)  
Heavy 0 (0.0) (0.0) 8 (2.2) (100.0) 8 (1.3) (100.0)  
BMI     
Underweight 1 (0.4) (5.6) 17 (4.6) (94.4) 18 (3.0) (100.0) P < .001
Normal 51 (21.9) (19.2) 215 (57.8%) (80.8) 266 (44.0) (100.0)  
Pre-obese 110 (47.2) (45.8) 130 (34.9) (54.2) 240 (39.7) (100.0)  
Obese Class I 60 (25.8) (87.0) 9 (2.4) (13.0) 69 (11.4) (100.0)  
Obese Class II 9 (3.9) (90.0) 1 (0.3) (10.0) 10 (1.7) (100.0)  
Obese Class III 2 (0.9) (100.0) 0 (0.0) (0.0) 2 (0.3) (100.0)  
Mean ± SD 27.95 ± 4.15 23.81 ± 3.23 25.40 ± 4.13  
Total 233 (100.0) (38.5) 372 (100.0) (61.5) 605 (100.0) (100.0